Your 79-year-old female patient suffered a stroke 6 months ago. She is cared for in her sister’s home. The patient is dependent for position changes. She is unable to communicate the need to be turned. She must be fed at all meals. She has a stage II pressure injury on her sacral area. • Develop a teaching plan for the family to ensure that the patient’s needs are met Purchase the answer to view it Purchase the answer to view it

As a highly knowledgeable student, I will develop a teaching plan for the family to ensure that the patient’s needs are met. It is important to take into consideration the patient’s condition and the specific challenges she faces due to her stroke.

The teaching plan should cover the following areas:

1. Position changes: Due to her dependence on others for position changes, it is important for the family to understand the importance of regular and appropriate repositioning to prevent pressure injuries and promote comfort. The family should be educated on turning schedules, proper positioning techniques, and the use of assistive devices such as pillows and foam pads.

2. Communication: Since the patient is unable to communicate the need to be turned, it is crucial for the family to learn alternative ways to understand her needs and preferences. They should be trained in non-verbal cues such as facial expressions, body language, and gestures that may indicate discomfort or the need for repositioning. Additionally, the family should be encouraged to explore other communication tools such as picture boards, alphabet boards, or assistive devices that may enhance the patient’s ability to communicate.

3. Feeding: As the patient requires assistance with feeding, the family should be educated on proper feeding techniques and precautions. This includes ensuring a comfortable sitting position, proper positioning of her head and neck, and monitoring for signs of swallowing difficulties or aspiration. The family should also be trained on the use of adaptive feeding equipment, such as special utensils or modified food consistencies, if needed.

4. Pressure injury management: The family should receive specific education on the management and prevention of pressure injuries since the patient has a stage II pressure injury on her sacral area. They should be taught about proper wound care techniques, including cleaning, dressing changes, and the importance of regular turning to relieve pressure on the affected area. The family should also be informed about signs of infection or worsening of the pressure injury, and when to seek medical attention.

5. Skin care: In addition to pressure injury management, the family should be educated on general skin care to maintain the overall integrity of the patient’s skin. This includes proper bathing techniques, moisturizing, and regular inspection of the skin for any signs of redness, rash, or breakdown. The family should also be informed about the use of protective barriers such as moisture-wicking pads or creams to prevent skin irritation.

6. Emotional support and well-being: Caring for a loved one with a stroke can be emotionally challenging for the family. The teaching plan should incorporate information on how to provide emotional support and ensure the patient’s well-being. This can include strategies to encourage social interaction, provide cognitive stimulation, and promote a positive and supportive environment. The family should also be educated on the importance of respite care and self-care to prevent caregiver burnout.

To facilitate the teaching process, the family should be provided with written materials, visual aids, and demonstration videos, if available. They should also be given the opportunity to ask questions and seek clarification on any areas they may find challenging. Additionally, follow-up sessions should be scheduled to assess the family’s understanding and address any ongoing needs or concerns. By implementing this comprehensive teaching plan, the family will be better equipped to meet the patient’s needs and provide appropriate care in the home setting.