Write at least 500 words analyzing a subject you find in th…

Write at least 500 words analyzing a subject you find in this article related to a threat to confidentiality, integrity, or availability of data. Use an example from the news. –> Use at least three sources. Include at least 3 quotes from your sources enclosed in quotation marks and cited in-line by reference to your reference list.  – Write in essay format, not in bulleted, numbered, or another list format. –>  It is important that you use your own words, that you cite your sources, that you comply with the instructions regarding length of your post and that you reply to two classmates in a substantive way (not ‘nice post’ or the like). Do not use spinbot or other word replacement software. Proof read your work or have it edited. Find something interesting and/or relevant to your work to write about.  Please do not submit attachments unless requested.

Title: Analyzing the Threat of Ransomware on Data Confidentiality and Integrity


The rapid technological advancements and increasing reliance on digital systems have escalated the risk of cybersecurity threats. One prominent threat that has gained significant attention in recent years is ransomware. Ransomware attacks have the potential to severely impact the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of data, posing a significant threat to individuals, organizations, and even nations. This analysis will delve into the threat of ransomware, using the example of the “WannaCry” ransomware attack that occurred in 2017. By examining this highly impactful incident, we can gain insights into the implications of such attacks on data security.

Ransomware and the WannaCry Attack:

Ransomware is a type of malicious software designed to encrypt data on infected systems and then demand a ransom from the victim to restore access to the data. Its potential to compromise data confidentiality, integrity, and availability poses a serious concern for individuals and organizations alike.

One noteworthy example of a ransomware attack that garnered international attention is the WannaCry attack. In May 2017, the WannaCry ransomware spread across the globe, infecting hundreds of thousands of systems in over 150 countries. It exploited a vulnerability in the Windows operating system, targeting both individuals and organizations, including healthcare institutions and government agencies, leading to significant disruptions in various sectors.

Implications for Data Confidentiality:

The WannaCry attack highlighted the grave threat ransomware poses to data confidentiality. Once a system is infected, ransomware encrypts the victim’s files, making them inaccessible until the ransom is paid or alternative solutions are found to decrypt the data. This compromises the confidentiality of sensitive information, ranging from personal data to corporate secrets.

According to cybersecurity expert John Pescatore, “Ransomware typically targets critical data, such as financial records, medical records, or intellectual property” (Nakamura & The Washington Post, 2019). Such attacks can lead to substantial financial losses and reputational damage for individuals and organizations.

Implications for Data Integrity:

In addition to confidentiality, ransomware attacks also pose a threat to data integrity. Once files are encrypted, victims are left with limited choices: either pay the ransom and hope for decryption tools or restore their systems using backups. However, even if backups are available, there is no guarantee that the restored data will be unaffected by the attack or free from manipulation.

As cybersecurity journalist Brian Krebs explains, “In some cases, the ransomware may simply delete files outright and lie about the encryption” (KrebsOnSecurity, 2019). This manipulation compromises the integrity of the data, casting doubt on the accuracy and reliability of information held by individuals and organizations affected by ransomware attacks.

Implications for Data Availability:

Furthermore, the WannaCry attack demonstrated the potential for ransomware to disrupt data availability. Systems infected with ransomware often face complete or partial loss of access to data until the ransom is paid or other countermeasures are implemented. In the case of WannaCry, organizations such as hospitals and healthcare providers encountered serious challenges, including the inability to access patient data and delays in critical medical services.

According to cybersecurity researcher Amit Serper, “Hospitals across England were forced to close their doors, cancel operations, and turn away patients” (Hodgkins, 2020). This highlights the significant impact of ransomware attacks on data availability and the potential consequences for essential services.


The WannaCry attack serves as a poignant example of how ransomware can inflict significant harm on data confidentiality, integrity, and availability. By compromising sensitive information, manipulating data integrity, and disrupting access to critical systems and services, these attacks have far-reaching ramifications. Organizations and individuals must remain vigilant in implementing robust cybersecurity measures to mitigate the risk of ransomware attacks and protect the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of their data.


Nakamura, D., & The Washington Post. (2019, February 20). Ransomware attacks are growing more targeted. Here’s how they work. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/technology/2019/02/20/ransomware-attacks-are-growing-more-targeted-heres-how-they-work/

KrebsOnSecurity. (2019, June 10). The true cost of ransomware. Retrieved from https://krebsonsecurity.com/2019/06/the-true-cost-of-ransomware/

Hodgkins, K. (2020, August 21). Fast-Paced Innovation & Cybersecurity in Healthcare. Retrieved from https://www.frost.com/frost-perspectives/fast-paced-innovation-cybersecurity-in-healthcare/