WEEK 3 Review both resources provided below in addition to the assigned readings for this week and reflect on 2 key differences between the UK and US Health systems. What are key opportunities related to advocacy and politics interventions that can be done by advanced practice nurses to improve our current health system Please refer to the resources identified below for details regarding UK Health System. 1. US and UK Health System Comparison- 2. Peterson-Kaiser Health System Tracker- 3.

The UK and US health systems are often compared due to their similarities as high-income industrialized countries, however there are key differences in their structures and provision of healthcare. In this analysis, two key differences between the UK and US health systems will be discussed, followed by an exploration of the opportunities for advocacy and political interventions that can be undertaken by advanced practice nurses (APNs) to improve the current health system.

One key difference between the UK and US health systems is their method of funding. The UK operates a socialized healthcare system known as the National Health Service (NHS), which is funded predominantly through taxation. This means that healthcare services are provided to all citizens regardless of their ability to pay. In contrast, the US operates a complex system of private and public funding, with the majority of Americans being covered by private health insurance through their employer or purchasing it themselves. The US also has publicly funded health insurance programs, such as Medicare and Medicaid, which provide coverage for specific populations such as the elderly and low-income individuals. This difference in funding mechanisms has resulted in significant disparities in access to healthcare between the two countries, with the UK consistently ranking higher in terms of healthcare access and affordability compared to the US.

Another key difference between the UK and US health systems is the role of the government in healthcare provision. In the UK, the government is the primary provider and funder of healthcare services through the NHS. This centralized approach allows for greater coordination and control over the healthcare system, leading to standardized care and reduced fragmentation. In contrast, the US has a predominantly private healthcare system, with the government playing a more limited role. This decentralized approach has resulted in a fragmented and complex system, with multiple private insurance companies, healthcare providers, and government programs all involved in the provision of healthcare. This fragmentation has led to higher administrative costs, inefficiencies, and disparities in care between different populations and regions.

APNs can play a crucial role in advocating for and implementing interventions to improve the current health system in both countries. Firstly, APNs can advocate for policies that promote universal healthcare coverage and reduce disparities in access to care. This can include supporting initiatives to expand public health insurance programs, such as Medicaid, to ensure coverage for all individuals and reduce the reliance on private insurance. APNs can also advocate for policies that address the social determinants of health, such as housing, education, and income, which significantly impact health outcomes. By addressing these underlying social factors, APNs can contribute to improving overall population health and reducing health disparities.

Secondly, APNs can engage in political advocacy to promote healthcare reforms that prioritize prevention and primary care. This can involve advocating for increased funding for preventive services and health promotion programs, as well as supporting initiatives that enhance the role of APNs in delivering primary care. Advanced practice nurses are well-positioned to provide high-quality primary care services, including health promotion, disease prevention, and chronic disease management. By expanding the scope of practice for APNs and ensuring their full utilization within the healthcare system, access to primary care can be improved, leading to better health outcomes and reduced healthcare costs.

In conclusion, the UK and US health systems differ in terms of funding mechanisms and the role of the government in healthcare provision. The UK operates a socialized healthcare system funded through taxation, providing universal coverage, while the US has a predominantly private system with a complex mix of funding sources. APNs can contribute to improving the current health system by advocating for policies that promote universal healthcare coverage, reduce disparities in access to care, address social determinants of health, and prioritize prevention and primary care. By actively engaging in advocacy and political interventions, APNs have the potential to drive meaningful change and improve the health outcomes of individuals and communities.