We are facing a lot of challenges with the COVID 19 infection in our communities.  The following discussion will be what are the facts that we know about the COVID 19? Elaborate on three COVID 19 facts, for example, transmission method, populations, treatments,  epidemiology, effects in the global community,  methods of controlling the spread, etc. The student will choose three facts and elaborate on them.  Remember to use trustable sources. Purchase the answer to view it


The COVID-19 pandemic has brought about unprecedented challenges across the globe. As the world grapples with this novel coronavirus infection, it is crucial to understand the facts surrounding COVID-19 in order to effectively combat its spread. This research paper will explore three key facts about COVID-19, namely its transmission method, populations at higher risk, and the methods of controlling its spread.

Transmission Method

COVID-19 primarily spreads through respiratory droplets when an infected person coughs, sneezes or talks. These droplets, containing the virus, can then enter the respiratory tract of those nearby, leading to infection. Additionally, indirect transmission can occur when an individual touches a contaminated surface or object and then touches their face, specifically their mouth, nose, or eyes. However, it is important to note that airborne transmission of the virus, where it remains suspended in the air over long distances, is less common.

Studies have shown that COVID-19 can survive on various surfaces for different lengths of time, ranging from hours to days. However, the risk of contracting the virus through contact with surfaces can be significantly minimized by practicing good hand hygiene, such as thorough handwashing with soap and water for at least 20 seconds or using hand sanitizers with at least 60% alcohol content.

Populations at Higher Risk

Certain populations are more vulnerable to severe illness and complications from COVID-19. While the virus can affect individuals of all ages, older adults, particularly those over the age of 65, and individuals with underlying medical conditions such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, chronic respiratory diseases, and compromised immune systems are at higher risk.

The increased vulnerability of older adults can be attributed to age-related changes in the immune system, which makes it harder for them to fight off infections. Additionally, they may have pre-existing health conditions that weaken their overall resilience.

Individuals with underlying medical conditions such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and chronic respiratory diseases are more susceptible to severe illness because these conditions affect the body’s ability to fully cope with the effects of the virus. Moreover, compromised immune systems, whether due to medical treatments like chemotherapy or autoimmune diseases, make individuals more prone to infections and can exacerbate the severity of COVID-19.

It is crucial to protect and support these populations by implementing preventive measures such as social distancing, enhanced hygiene practices, and prioritizing their access to healthcare resources. Additionally, targeted vaccination campaigns aimed at these high-risk groups can further reduce the impact of COVID-19.

Methods of Controlling Spread

Controlling the spread of COVID-19 requires a multi-faceted approach, combining both individual and community-based efforts. The key strategies include practicing good hand hygiene, wearing masks or face coverings, maintaining physical distance, and adhering to national and local public health guidelines.

Regular and thorough handwashing with soap and water for at least 20 seconds is vital in preventing the spread of the virus. Hand sanitizers, containing at least 60% alcohol, can also be used when handwashing is not immediately feasible.

The use of masks or face coverings in public settings, particularly when physical distancing is challenging, has been shown to significantly reduce the transmission of COVID-19. Masks help to prevent respiratory droplets from being released into the air by infected individuals and also protect wearers from inhaling potentially infected droplets.

Maintaining physical distance, commonly referred to as social distancing, is another effective measure. By keeping at least 6 feet apart from others, the risk of respiratory droplet transmission is minimized.

Adhering to national and local public health guidelines is crucial in controlling the spread of COVID-19. These guidelines may include restrictions on gatherings, travel limitations, and quarantine or isolation protocols. By following these guidelines, individuals can help reduce the transmission of the virus within their communities.


In conclusion, understanding the facts surrounding COVID-19 is crucial in effectively combating its spread. Transmission primarily occurs through respiratory droplets and indirect contact with contaminated surfaces. Certain populations, including older adults and those with underlying medical conditions, are at higher risk of severe illness. Controlling the spread requires a combination of individual actions, such as hand hygiene and mask-wearing, as well as community-based efforts, including adherence to public health guidelines. By implementing these measures, we can protect ourselves and those around us, ultimately minimizing the impact of COVID-19.