Three paragraphs, 3 references no more than 5 years. Practice Problem: Diabetes. Cost of Diabetes. Translation of a research-based intervention to practice involves a critical review of numerous published research studies to discern if individuals – research subjects – were treated according to the ethical values and principles as defined by the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). Reflect upon your selected practice problem and the eventual research-based intervention you select for your practice change project and address the following.

Diabetes is a complex chronic disease that affects millions of individuals worldwide. The cost of diabetes, both in terms of healthcare expenses and lost productivity, is significant. As researchers and healthcare professionals strive to develop effective interventions to manage diabetes and improve patient outcomes, it is crucial to consider the ethical implications of translating research findings into practice. This requires a critical review of published research studies to ensure that individuals participating in these studies were treated ethically, in accordance with established regulations and principles.

One key aspect of ethical research is informed consent, which ensures that individuals understand the purpose and procedures of the study, as well as the potential risks and benefits involved. In the context of a practice change project aimed at addressing diabetes, it is essential to examine whether the research intervention was implemented following proper informed consent procedures. This includes assessing whether participants were provided with all the necessary information about the study, had the opportunity to ask questions, and voluntarily agreed to participate.

Furthermore, the protection of research subjects’ confidentiality and privacy is paramount in ethically conducted research. In the case of a diabetes intervention, this would involve examining whether measures were in place to safeguard participants’ sensitive health information. For instance, were appropriate security measures implemented to ensure the storage and transmission of data in a secure manner? Were participants’ identities anonymized or pseudonymized to prevent unauthorized access or disclosure of their personal health information?

To ensure ethicality, researchers must strive to maintain a balance between the potential benefits of the intervention and the potential risks and burdens imposed on the research subjects. In the context of diabetes interventions, it is crucial to consider whether participants may have been exposed to any physical or psychological risks during the course of the study. Additionally, the burden imposed on participants, such as the time commitment required for data collection or any inconvenience caused by the intervention, should be evaluated. Ethical considerations necessitate that the potential benefits of the research intervention outweigh the potential risks and burdens in order to justify its implementation.

In conclusion, when translating research-based interventions to practice in the context of diabetes, it is imperative to critically assess whether the research studies adhered to ethical values and principles. Key ethical considerations include ensuring proper informed consent procedures, protecting participants’ confidentiality and privacy, and maintaining a balance between potential benefits and risks. By adhering to established ethical guidelines, healthcare professionals can ensure the ethical conduct of research and the provision of high-quality care for individuals with diabetes.

References:

1. Nishimura A, Carey J, Erwin PJ et al. Informed consent: variations and controvers… [Mayo Clin Proc. 2013] – PubMed – NCBI. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23541045. Accessed December 11, 2020.

2. NHMRC. Chapter 3.3: Ethical considerations specific to research methods or fields. NHMRC. https://www.nhmrc.gov.au/about-us/publications/chapter-3-3-ethical-considerations-specific-research-methods-or-fields-2018. Published 2018. Accessed December 11, 2020.

3. Kass NE. An ethics framework for public health. Am J Public Health. 2001;91(11):1776-1782. doi:10.2105/ajph.91.11.1776.