Theories are derived from conceptual models and are comprised of concepts and propositions. The only concepts that are common to nursing theories, in some shape or form, are patient, nurse, health, and environment. These are sometimes referred to as the basic metaparadigms of the nursing domain. Identify two additional concepts that are relevant to your personal practice of nursing and explain how they relate to your practice and why they are important to your practice.


Nursing theories provide a framework for understanding and guiding nursing practice. These theories are rooted in conceptual models and consist of concepts and propositions. The basic metaparadigms of nursing theories include patient, nurse, health, and environment. In addition to these core concepts, there are many other concepts that are relevant to nursing practice. This essay will identify and discuss two additional concepts that are relevant to my personal practice of nursing. It will explore how these concepts relate to my practice and why they are important.

Concept 1: Evidence-based Practice

One concept that is highly important in my nursing practice is evidence-based practice (EBP). EBP is the integration of clinical expertise, patient values, and the best available research evidence to guide decision-making in healthcare. It involves the conscientious and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients. EBP is important in nursing as it ensures that nursing interventions and care are based on the most up-to-date and reliable evidence.

In my practice, EBP is crucial for providing high-quality care to my patients. By staying current with research literature and incorporating evidence into my practice, I can make informed decisions about the care I provide. This helps to optimize patient outcomes and ensure the delivery of safe and effective care. For example, when caring for a patient with a pressure ulcer, I would consult the latest evidence-based guidelines and recommendations regarding wound care management. This helps me to select the most appropriate interventions and ensure that my care aligns with current best practices.

Concept 2: Cultural Competence

Another concept that is relevant to my nursing practice is cultural competence. Cultural competence refers to the ability to provide care that is respectful and responsive to the cultural beliefs, values, practices, and needs of patients and their families. It involves the recognition and consideration of cultural influences on health beliefs and behaviors, as well as the adaptation of care to meet the unique cultural and linguistic needs of each patient.

In today’s diverse healthcare settings, cultural competence is essential for providing patient-centered care. By understanding and respecting diverse cultural backgrounds, nurses can establish trust and rapport with their patients. This promotes effective communication, improves patient satisfaction, and enhances health outcomes. For example, when caring for a patient from a different cultural background, I would strive to understand their cultural beliefs and practices related to health and illness. This helps me to tailor my care to their specific cultural needs and preferences, improving the overall quality of care provided.

Importance of the Concepts

Evidence-based practice and cultural competence are both vital concepts in nursing practice. EBP ensures that nursing care is based on the best available evidence, leading to improved patient outcomes and the delivery of high-quality care. By incorporating evidence into practice, nurses can confidently provide interventions that are supported by research. This promotes the use of effective interventions and minimizes the use of outdated or ineffective practices. Additionally, EBP encourages lifelong learning and professional growth, as nurses must stay up-to-date with the latest research findings to provide evidence-based care.

Cultural competence is equally important as it enhances the provision of patient-centered care. By recognizing and respecting cultural diversity, nurses can create a safe and supportive environment for their patients. This fosters trust, facilitates effective communication, and promotes positive health outcomes. Culturally competent care also reduces health disparities and ensures that all patients receive equitable and appropriate care.