The purpose of this assignment is to complete your PICOT for your selected nursing practice problem. Refer to your “Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal: Identification of Nursing Practice Problem” assignment from Topic 1 to complete this assignment. If your nursing practice problem or PICOT required revision, include those revisions in this assignment. The final PICOT you develop in this assignment will provide the framework for developing your evidence-based practice project proposal. Use the “PICOT-Final” template to complete this assignment.

Introduction

Evidence-based practice (EBP) has become an integral part of nursing and healthcare, as it aims to improve patient outcomes through the integration of clinical expertise, patient preferences, and best available research evidence. This assignment will focus on completing the PICOT (Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome, Time) statement for a selected nursing practice problem, building upon the previously identified nursing practice problem from the Evidence-Based Practice Project Proposal: Identification of Nursing Practice Problem.

Background

The selected nursing practice problem is the high incidence of medication errors in a pediatric oncology unit. Medication errors can lead to serious harm and even death in pediatric patients, making it a crucial issue for nursing practice. The problem was identified through a review of literature, which highlighted the prevalence and impact of medication errors in pediatric oncology settings. Several factors contribute to this problem, including the complexity of pediatric medications, high patient acuity, and the fast-paced nature of the oncology unit.

PICOT Statement

Population: The population of interest for this study includes pediatric patients aged 0-18 years receiving inpatient care in a pediatric oncology unit.

Intervention: The intervention under consideration is the implementation of a barcode medication administration (BCMA) system in the pediatric oncology unit.

Comparison: The comparison group consists of pediatric patients receiving care in the same unit without the implementation of a BCMA system.

Outcome: The desired outcomes of this study are a reduction in medication errors and an improvement in patient safety in the pediatric oncology unit.

Time: The timeframe for this study is one year.

Revisions

Based on further review and analysis, some revisions have been made to the original PICOT statement. These revisions aim to clarify and refine the components of the statement for better alignment with the research question and objectives of the study.

Population: The population of interest remains unchanged and includes pediatric patients aged 0-18 years receiving inpatient care in a pediatric oncology unit.

Intervention: The intervention has been revised to specify the implementation of a BCMA system with barcode scanning technology in the pediatric oncology unit.

Comparison: The comparison group remains unchanged and consists of pediatric patients receiving care in the same unit without the implementation of a BCMA system.

Outcome: The desired outcomes have been revised to focus specifically on the reduction of medication administration errors, improvement in medication administration accuracy, and prevention of adverse drug events, thereby enhancing patient safety in the pediatric oncology unit.

Time: The timeframe for the study has also been revised to six months, considering the need for sufficient data collection and analysis.

Justification for Revisions

The revisions made to the original PICOT statement were based on a critical analysis of the research question and objectives of the study. The refinement of the intervention aims to highlight the specific implementation of a BCMA system with barcode scanning technology, which has been shown to be effective in reducing medication errors in various healthcare settings. Furthermore, the revised outcomes emphasize the importance of medication administration accuracy and the prevention of adverse drug events, aligning with the ultimate goal of improving patient safety in the pediatric oncology unit.

Conclusion

In conclusion, completing the PICOT statement is a crucial step in developing an evidence-based practice project proposal. The revised PICOT statement for the selected nursing practice problem, addressing the high incidence of medication errors in the pediatric oncology unit, specifies the population, intervention, comparison, outcome, and timeframe for the study. The revisions made to the original statement aim to improve clarity and alignment with the research question and objectives, ultimately guiding the development of an effective evidence-based practice project proposal.