The Purnell Model for Cultural Competence Please read chapter 2 of the class textbook and review the attached Power Point Presentation.  Once done answer the following questions; 1.  In your own words discuss the empirical framework of the Purnell Model and what are the purposes of this model. 2.  Please mention and discuss the macro aspects of the model. 3.  What is the role of the head of household and genders according to this model? 4.  In your own words define the domain biocultural ecology and discuss one variation of this domain. As indicated in the syllabus the assignment must be presented in an APA format, word document, Arial 12 font attached to the forum title “Week 2 discussion questions” in the discussion board.  A minimum of 2 evidence based references besides the class textbook no older than 5 years are required.  2 replies to any of your peers posting sustained with the proper references are required.  Assignment must contained a minimum of 500 words without counting the first and reference page Purchase the answer to view it

Empirical Framework of the Purnell Model for Cultural Competence

The Purnell Model for Cultural Competence is a framework developed by Larry Purnell, a registered nurse, to promote cultural competence in healthcare. It is based on an empirical framework that combines evidence-based practice and cultural knowledge to provide holistic and culturally congruent care to individuals from diverse backgrounds. This model aims to help healthcare professionals understand the cultural influences on health beliefs and practices and encourage them to deliver culturally sensitive care.

The purposes of the Purnell Model are twofold. Firstly, it seeks to provide healthcare professionals with a comprehensive framework to assess clients’ cultural beliefs, behaviors, and values, enabling them to deliver care that respects and accommodates individual cultural needs. Secondly, it aims to enhance communication and foster positive interactions between healthcare providers and clients from different cultural backgrounds, thereby improving health outcomes and reducing healthcare disparities.

Macro Aspects of the Purnell Model

The Purnell Model incorporates macro aspects that are essential for an in-depth understanding of cultural competence. These macro aspects include global society, community, and family systems. The global society component recognizes the increasing interconnectedness of cultures worldwide, acknowledging the impact of globalization on healthcare provision. It emphasizes the importance of understanding diverse cultural practices and beliefs to deliver effective care in a rapidly changing global context.

The community aspect of the model recognizes that culture is not only influenced by individual beliefs and values but also shaped by the collective beliefs and norms of a particular community. Understanding the cultural norms, social structures, and community resources of a given population helps healthcare professionals provide culturally competent care in both clinical and community settings.

Furthermore, the family systems component acknowledges the significant role of families in shaping cultural traditions and health practices. It recognizes the importance of considering family dynamics, roles, and intergenerational beliefs when providing culturally sensitive care. By understanding family systems, healthcare professionals can better engage with clients within their familial context, thus promoting a holistic and comprehensive approach to care.

Role of the Head of Household and Genders

According to the Purnell Model, the head of household plays a critical role in decisions related to health and healthcare-seeking behaviors within a given culture. In many cultures, the head of household is typically the oldest male member who holds the highest authority in decision-making regarding the family’s health. This role is often influenced by cultural traditions and norms that may prioritize the opinions and decisions of male family members.

However, it is important to note that the role of the head of household and gender dynamics can vary across cultures and individual families. In some cultures, decision-making may be shared among multiple family members or delegated to the female head of household. The Purnell Model emphasizes the need for healthcare providers to recognize and respect these cultural variations when delivering care.

Domain of Biocultural Ecology and Variation

The Purnell Model introduces the concept of the domain of biocultural ecology, which refers to the interaction between biology and culture in shaping individual and collective health beliefs and practices. It recognizes that health outcomes are influenced by both biological factors, such as genetics and physiology, and cultural factors, such as beliefs, values, and traditions.

One variation of the biocultural ecology domain is the influence of cultural beliefs and practices on dietary patterns. For example, some cultures may have specific dietary restrictions based on religious or cultural beliefs, such as avoiding certain meats or consuming specific foods during particular periods. These cultural practices can have significant implications for individual health outcomes and must be considered when providing nutritional guidance or managing dietary conditions.

In conclusion, the Purnell Model for Cultural Competence is an empirical framework that aims to promote culturally sensitive care. It encompasses macro aspects such as global society, community, and family systems to provide a comprehensive understanding of cultural influences on health. The model recognizes the role of the head of household and genders in healthcare decision-making and emphasizes the importance of the domain of biocultural ecology, including variations such as cultural influences on dietary patterns. Understanding and applying the principles of the Purnell Model can help healthcare professionals provide effective and culturally competent care to individuals from diverse backgrounds.