The aspects of your chosen vulnerable population,  the reason why is this group considered vulnerable,  what are the most common communicable diseases in this population, and why. Barriers to healthcare and access to care for your vulnerable population. How the issues this group is facing relates to community/public health nursing. Examine evidence-based practices that improve health outcomes of the vulnerable population. Use information technology to identify resources that will improve health outcomes of the vulnerable population.

Title: Vulnerable Populations and their Health Needs: A Focus on Disease Prevalence, Barriers to Healthcare, and Community Health Nursing Strategies


Vulnerable populations are groups that face a heightened risk of poor health outcomes due to various factors such as poverty, social inequality, discrimination, and limited access to healthcare resources. This paper aims to analyze a specific vulnerable population, discuss the reasons why they are considered vulnerable, examine the most common communicable diseases affecting them, explore the barriers they face in accessing healthcare, and highlight the role of community/public health nursing in addressing their health needs. Furthermore, evidence-based practices and the utilization of information technology in improving health outcomes for this group will also be explored.

Vulnerable Population:

For the purpose of this paper, we will focus on low-income individuals residing in urban areas. This population segment faces numerous challenges such as inadequate housing, food insecurity, limited educational opportunities, and restricted access to healthcare. They often live in neighborhoods with high levels of environmental pollution, limited green spaces, and insufficient community resources. These factors, combined with social determinants of health, contribute to their vulnerability.

Reasons for Vulnerability:

Low-income individuals in urban areas are considered vulnerable due to the interplay of various social and economic factors. Poverty is a key factor that restricts their ability to access the resources necessary for optimal health. Limited financial means often lead to inadequate nutrition, housing instability, and increased exposure to environmental hazards. Additionally, social inequalities, including racial discrimination, lack of education, and unemployment, further exacerbate their vulnerability and contribute to health disparities.

Common Communicable Diseases:

Low-income individuals in urban areas experience a higher burden of communicable diseases, primarily due to overcrowded living conditions, compromised sanitation, and limited access to preventive healthcare measures. Some of the most common communicable diseases among this population include tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, hepatitis, influenza, and respiratory infections. These diseases spread easily within cramped living spaces, where individuals have limited ability to practice proper hygiene or access healthcare services.

Barriers to Healthcare and Access:

Access to healthcare is a significant barrier for low-income individuals in urban areas. There are several factors that contribute to this issue, including lack of health insurance coverage, inadequate transportation options, shortage of healthcare providers in their communities, and financial constraints. Limited availability of primary care services, long waiting times for appointments, and high healthcare costs further restrict their access to timely and effective healthcare.

Community/Public Health Nursing:

Community/public health nursing plays an essential role in addressing the health needs of vulnerable populations. These nurses focus on promoting and improving population health through prevention, health promotion, and disease management. They work collaboratively with individuals, families, and communities to identify health risks, develop intervention strategies, and improve access to healthcare resources. Community/public health nurses play a crucial role in advocating for policy changes aimed at reducing health disparities and improving the health outcomes of vulnerable populations.

Evidence-Based Practices:

To improve health outcomes for low-income individuals in urban areas, evidence-based practices must be employed. These practices include targeted education programs to increase awareness about communicable diseases and preventive measures, community-based interventions to address social determinants of health, and comprehensive case management to ensure access to healthcare services. Additionally, interventions aimed at reducing barriers to healthcare, such as transportation assistance programs and the provision of affordable healthcare options, have been shown to be effective in improving health outcomes for this population.

Utilization of Information Technology:

Information technology can play a pivotal role in improving the health outcomes of vulnerable populations. By utilizing electronic health records, telemedicine, and mobile health applications, healthcare providers can enhance access to care, facilitate communication, and improve coordination of services. These technological advancements can help overcome barriers such as transportation limitations and geographic distance, enabling vulnerable populations to receive timely and appropriate healthcare.


In conclusion, low-income individuals in urban areas face notable challenges that make them vulnerable to poor health outcomes. Their vulnerability is influenced by a combination of social determinants of health, limited access to healthcare services, and the prevalence of communicable diseases within their living environments. Community/public health nursing and the implementation of evidence-based practices, along with the utilization of information technology, are crucial in addressing the health needs of this population and improving their health outcomes. By addressing the underlying causes of vulnerability and promoting equitable access to healthcare, we can strive towards achieving healthier and more thriving communities.