Title: Educating Middle School Football Players and Parents about Concussion and Head Injury Prevention
Concussions and head injuries are significant concerns in contact sports such as football, especially among middle school players. The purpose of this teaching plan is to address the knowledge deficit regarding the likelihood of concussion and head injury in football, preventive measures, and the recognition of these injuries among middle school football players and their parents. This paper will outline the nursing diagnosis (NANDA), two learning objectives, teaching methodology, necessary teaching aids, required resources, and a plan for evaluating the effectiveness of the teaching session.
a. Nursing Diagnosis:
NANDA-I terminology can be utilized to develop a nursing diagnosis that addresses the knowledge deficit in this setting. One potential nursing diagnosis could be: “Knowledge deficit related to concussion and head injury prevention among middle school football players and their parents.”
b. Learning Objectives:
The learning objectives for this teaching session could include:
1. By the end of the session, the football players and their parents will be able to identify at least three common signs and symptoms of a concussion.
2. By the end of the session, the football players and their parents will be able to describe at least two preventive measures to reduce the risk of head injuries in football.
c. Methodology (Teaching Methods):
To effectively convey the necessary information, a combination of teaching methods can be utilized. These may include:
1. Didactic Instruction: The use of lectures or presentations to provide factual information about concussions, head injury risk factors, and preventive measures.
2. Interactive Discussion: Engage participants in open discussions to promote knowledge exchange, address questions and concerns, and encourage active involvement in the learning process.
3. Demonstrations: Show practical examples of certain techniques or equipment that can be used to prevent head injuries during football.
4. Case Studies: Present real-life scenarios or case studies to allow participants to apply their newly acquired knowledge and critical thinking skills.
5. Visual Aids: Utilize visual aids such as slides, infographics, or videos to enhance understanding and retention of information.
d. Teaching Aids:
To enhance the teaching session, the following teaching aids can be used:
1. PowerPoint Presentation: Slides with key information, diagrams, and images to support didactic instruction.
2. Videos: Show videos depicting the proper techniques for tackling, helmet fitting, and identifying signs of head injuries.
3. Charts or Posters: Visual aids displaying concussion symptoms, preventive measures, and emergency contact information.
4. Protective Equipment Samples: Display various football gears such as helmets and mouthguards to demonstrate their importance in reducing head injury risks.
e. Necessary Resources:
In order to effectively deliver the teaching session, the following resources may be required:
1. Access to a suitable venue: Arrange for a classroom or meeting room with appropriate seating and audiovisual equipment.
2. Teaching materials: Gather necessary materials such as handouts, brochures, and pamphlets containing information about concussions and head injury prevention.
3. Expert knowledge: Consult with healthcare professionals, sports medicine specialists, or athletic trainers who possess expertise in concussions and head injury prevention.
4. Consent forms: Prepare consent forms for participants, outlining the purpose and nature of the teaching session.
5. Community resources: Provide a list of local organizations, clinics, or support groups that specialize in concussion management for participants seeking additional information or resources.
Evaluation of Teaching:
To evaluate the effectiveness of the teaching session, several approaches can be employed, such as pre- and post-tests, questionnaires, and direct observation. Pre- and post-tests can assess the participants’ knowledge before and after the teaching session, allowing for a comparison of the level of understanding. Questionnaires can be distributed to gather feedback on the participants’ perceived effectiveness of the teaching session and their confidence in recognizing and preventing head injuries. Direct observation can be used to assess participants’ engagement, active participation, and retention of information during the teaching session. These evaluation methods can provide valuable insights into the success of the teaching session and areas where improvements can be made.
1. Lumba-Brown A, Yeates KO, Sarmiento K, et al. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guideline on the diagnosis and management of mild traumatic brain injury among children. JAMA Pediatrics. 2018; 172(11):e182853.
2. Davis GA, Purcell L, Schneider KJ, et al. The Child SCAT5: Background and rationale for change. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2017; 51(11):845-848.
3. Halstead ME, Walter KD, Council on Sports Medicine and Fitness. American Academy of Pediatrics. Clinical report—Sport-related concussion in children and adolescents. Pediatrics. 2010; 126(3):597-615.