Students will continue their research topic, in this paper students will perform a brief literature review on the topic (Will need at least 5 supporting articles) and provide the desired methodology for the project. Paper will be approximatively 5-6 pages. Include: Methodology and design of the study (Be as detailed as possible) Sampling methodology Necessary tools Any algorithms or flowmaps cretaed MY research topic Is “ lack of communication” From nurses to nurses and doctors to nurses.

Title: Addressing the Lack of Communication: Improving Interprofessional Communication in Healthcare Settings

Effective communication is vital in healthcare settings to ensure patient safety, improve healthcare outcomes, and promote collaboration between healthcare professionals. However, a persistent problem known as the “lack of communication” has been identified within the context of communication between nurses and doctors, as well as among nurses themselves. This research aims to explore this issue, evaluate the existing literature, and propose a comprehensive methodology to address the problem.

Literature Review:
To conduct an in-depth analysis of the “lack of communication” issue among nurses and doctors as well as between nurses, a thorough literature review is essential. The review will involve an extensive search of reliable academic databases such as PubMed, CINAHL, and Google Scholar. The review will focus on published articles from reputable journals that discuss the impact of communication gaps on patient care, factors contributing to the problem, and potential strategies for improvement.

At least five supporting articles will be selected based on their relevance to the research topic. The articles will be critically evaluated and analyzed to draw meaningful conclusions about the current state of communication in healthcare settings and identify gaps in the existing literature.

Methodology and Design of the Study:
This study will adopt a mixed-methods approach, combining both qualitative and quantitative research methods. The rationale behind this choice is to gain a comprehensive understanding of the “lack of communication” issue and explore potential solutions that consider both contextual nuances and objective data.

The qualitative component will involve conducting in-depth interviews with nurses, doctors, and other relevant healthcare professionals. This will allow for a deeper exploration of their experiences and perceptions regarding communication challenges they encounter in their daily practice. Purposive sampling will be used to recruit participants who have experienced or observed communication breakdowns. A semi-structured interview guide will be developed to ensure consistency and encourage participants to share their perspectives openly.

Simultaneously, the quantitative component will employ a survey questionnaire to collect data from a larger sample of nurses and doctors. The questionnaire will be designed based on validated communication assessment tools, such as the TeamSTEPPS Communication Perception Questionnaire, to measure participants’ perceptions of interprofessional communication and identify areas of improvement. The survey will be distributed electronically via email or an online survey platform to maximize response rates and ensure data collection efficiency.

Sampling Methodology:
For the qualitative component of the study, purposive sampling will be employed to select participants with diverse experiences and perspectives related to communication breakdowns in healthcare settings. The sample will include nurses, doctors, and other healthcare professionals from different departments, specialties, and levels of experience. The sample size will be determined based on data saturation, which refers to the point at which new information or themes cease to emerge from the interviews.

In the quantitative component, a convenience sampling technique will be used to recruit a larger sample of nurses and doctors from various healthcare facilities. The sample size will be determined using a power analysis to ensure statistical significance and meaningful interpretation of the results.

Necessary Tools:
To facilitate data collection and analysis, several tools and techniques will be utilized:

1. Interview guide: A semi-structured interview guide will be developed to ensure consistency and encourage participants to share their experiences, challenges, and potential solutions related to communication.

2. Survey questionnaire: The survey questionnaire will be designed based on validated communication assessment tools, such as the TeamSTEPPS Communication Perception Questionnaire. The questionnaire will be pre-tested with a small pilot sample to ensure clarity, validity, and reliability of the instrument.

3. Data analysis software: Qualitative data from interviews will be transcribed verbatim and analyzed using thematic analysis. The software like NVivo will be used to facilitate data management and organization. Quantitative data from surveys will be analyzed using statistical software like SPSS to determine descriptive statistics, correlations, and inferential tests.

Algorithms or Flowmaps Created:
To enhance the analysis and synthesis of data, algorithms or flowmaps will be created. These visual tools will help identify patterns, relationships, and key themes emerging from the qualitative data. They will also aid in the interpretation and presentation of the findings, allowing for a more comprehensive understanding of the communication challenges and potential solutions.

Improving communication among healthcare professionals is crucial to providing safe and effective patient care. This research project aims to investigate the “lack of communication” issue among nurses and doctors, and propose effective strategies for improvement. By employing a mixed-methods approach, incorporating qualitative interviews and quantitative surveys, this study will provide valuable insights that can guide interventions and contribute to enhancing interprofessional communication in healthcare settings.