Stem cell research is still a current health care issue. The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has only approved a very limited number of treatments to date, yet stem cell research and treatments are practiced freely in the United States. Discuss two or more ethical consideration either for or against the use of stem cells in treatment. Provide supporting references for your position. PLEASE ADD IN-TEXT CITATION AND REFERENCE Purchase the answer to view it

Stem cell research has been a topic of considerable ethical debate in the field of healthcare. The use of stem cells in treatment can provide significant benefits, but it also raises several ethical considerations. In this paper, we will discuss two primary ethical considerations, one in favor of the use of stem cells in treatment and the other against it, providing supporting references for each position.

One ethical consideration supporting the use of stem cells in treatment is the potential to save lives and improve health outcomes. Stem cells have the unique capability to differentiate into various cell types, making them a promising tool for regenerative medicine. They offer potential treatments for a wide range of conditions, including degenerative diseases, transplant rejection, and various injuries (Lindvall and Kokaia, 2010). A study by Fernandez-Gonzalez et al. (2015) demonstrated the successful use of stem cells in treating spinal cord injuries in rats, showing improvements in locomotor abilities and histological outcomes. By harnessing the regenerative potential of stem cells, it is possible to enhance the quality of life for patients and potentially save lives.

Furthermore, stem cells offer the prospect of reducing the reliance on organ transplantation. The shortage of organs for transplant is a critical public health issue, with thousands of individuals awaiting organ donation (Kumar et al., 2019). Stem cell-derived tissues could potentially address this shortage by providing an endless supply of organs or tissues for transplantation. An example of this is the development of lab-grown human corneas using stem cells, which could potentially help alleviate the global shortage of corneas for transplantation (Gonzalez-Andrades et al., 2017). By utilizing stem cells, it may be possible to overcome the limitations of organ transplantation and provide improved medical care for patients in need.

However, despite the potential benefits of stem cell research and treatments, there are ethical concerns that argue against their use. One key consideration is the use of human embryos for obtaining embryonic stem cells. Obtaining embryonic stem cells typically involves the destruction of embryos, raising ethical concerns regarding the sanctity of human life. Opponents of embryonic stem cell research argue that it violates human dignity and the rights of potential human beings (Baylis et al., 2019). The use of embryonic stem cells also raises concerns about the exploitation and commodification of human life (Hyun et al., 2018). Some argue that other sources of stem cells, such as adult stem cells or induced pluripotent stem cells, should be preferred since they do not involve the destruction of embryos (Lo and Parham, 2009).

Another ethical concern relates to the potential risk of unregulated stem cell treatments, particularly within the United States context. While the FDA has approved a limited number of stem cell treatments, there are numerous clinics offering unproven and potentially unsafe stem cell therapies. These clinics often exploit vulnerable patients with false promises of miraculous cures, charging exorbitant fees without providing evidence-based treatments (Turner and Bernthal, 2019). Such unregulated practices not only pose a significant risk to patient safety but also undermine public trust in legitimate stem cell research and detract from the broader scientific advancements in the field (Bubela et al., 2012).

In conclusion, stem cell research and treatments possess both ethical considerations in favor and against their use. While stem cells offer the potential to save lives, improve health outcomes, and address the shortage of organs for transplantation, concerns regarding embryo destruction and unregulated treatments must be carefully considered. It is essential to strike a balance between maximizing the potential benefits of stem cells while ensuring ethical and regulatory frameworks are in place to protect patient safety and uphold ethical standards in research and treatment.