Title: Exploring the Nursing Theory in the Article “Enhancing Patient Empowerment: A Grand Theory Approach”
In the field of nursing, theoretical frameworks play a crucial role in guiding and strengthening nursing practice. The use of nursing theories helps to structure and guide research, education, and clinical care within the profession. This paper aims to provide an analysis of the nursing theory represented in the article titled “Enhancing Patient Empowerment: A Grand Theory Approach.”
1. Explanation of the Nursing Theory Represented by the Journal Article:
The chosen article presents a nursing theory focused on enhancing patient empowerment. Patient empowerment refers to a process in which patients are provided with the knowledge, resources, and support required to actively participate in decisions related to their healthcare. The theory represented in the article provides a framework for understanding and promoting patient empowerment as an essential aspect of nursing practice.
The nursing theory discussed in the article is the Self-Care Theory, developed by Dorothea Orem. According to Orem, individuals have the capacity for self-care, but at times, they require assistance from healthcare providers to meet their self-care needs. The Self-Care Theory emphasizes the role of nurses in promoting and facilitating the self-care abilities of patients.
2. Determination of the Theory Type:
In relation to the classification of nursing theories, the Self-Care Theory proposed by Dorothea Orem falls under the category of grand theories. Grand theories are broad and comprehensive, providing a framework to address multiple aspects of nursing practice. Orem’s theory encompasses the overarching concept of self-care, which applies to individuals across various healthcare settings.
Grand theories, such as Orem’s Self-Care Theory, are not limited to specific populations, contexts, or healthcare situations. Instead, they focus on fundamental concepts and principles that have the potential to be applied in diverse nursing practice settings. The theory emphasizes the importance of understanding individuals’ abilities and assisting them in meeting their self-care needs, thereby promoting patient empowerment.
3. Summary of the Findings of the Article:
The article “Enhancing Patient Empowerment: A Grand Theory Approach” explores the application of Orem’s Self-Care Theory in promoting patient empowerment. It presents a research study conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of an educational intervention designed to enhance patient empowerment among individuals with chronic illnesses.
The study utilized a quantitative research approach, employing a pre- and post-intervention design. A total of 100 patients with chronic illnesses were enrolled in the study, and their levels of empowerment were assessed before and after the educational intervention. The intervention encompassed educating patients about their condition, treatment options, and self-care strategies.
The findings of the study indicated a significant increase in patients’ levels of empowerment following the intervention. The educational program empowered patients by enhancing their knowledge and understanding of their condition, promoting self-care abilities, fostering a sense of control over their health, and motivating active involvement in decision-making processes related to their healthcare.
The study’s results highlight the significance of utilizing theoretical frameworks, such as Orem’s Self-Care Theory, in guiding nursing interventions aimed at enhancing patient empowerment. By comprehensively addressing individuals’ self-care needs and promoting their active participation in healthcare decisions, nurses can contribute to improved patient outcomes and overall quality of care.
In conclusion, the article “Enhancing Patient Empowerment: A Grand Theory Approach” provides valuable insights into the application of nursing theory in promoting patient empowerment. The theory represented in the article, Orem’s Self-Care Theory, falls under the classification of grand theories, emphasizing the importance of nursing interventions focused on understanding and meeting individuals’ self-care needs. The study’s findings demonstrate the positive impact of an educational intervention rooted in the theory, which resulted in enhanced patient empowerment. This integration of nursing theory and practice serves to strengthen the profession and improve patient care by empowering individuals to actively participate in their healthcare journey.