Review the Institute of Medicine’s 2010 report “The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health.” Write a 750-1,000 word paper discussing the influence of the IOM report on nursing practice. Include the following: Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required. This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

Title: The Influence of the IOM Report on Nursing Practice

Introduction
The Institute of Medicine’s (IOM) 2010 report, “The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health,” has had a significant impact on the nursing profession. The report addresses the challenges facing the healthcare system and provides recommendations for transforming the nursing profession in order to improve patient outcomes. This paper aims to discuss the influence of the IOM report on nursing practice.

Impact on Nursing Education
One of the key recommendations of the IOM report is to increase the proportion of nurses with a bachelor’s degree to 80% by 2020. This recommendation has led to a significant shift in nursing education, with many hospitals and healthcare organizations now requiring nurses to hold at least a bachelor’s degree in nursing. This emphasis on higher education has resulted in an increase in enrollment in baccalaureate nursing programs and a decrease in the number of diploma and associate degree nursing programs. As a result, nurses are being equipped with the knowledge and skills necessary to provide high-quality, evidence-based care.

The IOM report also calls for nurse residency programs to be implemented to bridge the gap between nursing education and practice. These programs provide new graduate nurses with the necessary support and mentorship to transition into practice smoothly. By implementing nurse residency programs, healthcare organizations have seen improved nurse retention rates and increased job satisfaction among new graduates. These programs have also contributed to improved patient outcomes by ensuring that nurses are competent and confident in their clinical skills.

Influence on Nursing Practice
The IOM report emphasizes the need for nurses to practice to the full extent of their education and training, including the scope of their expertise. This recommendation has prompted many states to revise their scope of practice laws, granting advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs) more autonomy in providing healthcare services. As a result, APRNs, such as nurse practitioners, certified nurse-midwives, certified registered nurse anesthetists, and clinical nurse specialists, can now prescribe medications, diagnose illnesses, and provide primary care services without physician supervision. This expanded scope of practice has improved access to healthcare services, especially in underserved areas, and has demonstrated positive patient outcomes.

Collaboration and Interprofessional Education
The IOM report highlights the importance of interdisciplinary collaboration in healthcare and calls for increased interprofessional education (IPE) to enhance teamwork and communication among healthcare professionals. Nursing curricula now include more opportunities for interprofessional collaboration, with nursing students working alongside students from other healthcare disciplines, such as medicine, pharmacy, and social work. This collaborative approach to education helps healthcare professionals develop a comprehensive understanding of each other’s roles and responsibilities, leading to improved teamwork and patient-centered care. As a result, healthcare professionals are better equipped to engage in shared decision-making and effectively manage complex healthcare needs.

Impact on Nursing Leadership
The IOM report advocates for nurses to assume leadership positions at all levels of the healthcare system, including nursing education, practice, and policymaking. The recommendation has inspired many nurses to pursue advanced degrees and leadership positions, influencing the development of leadership programs and initiatives within the nursing profession. As nurses take on leadership roles, they have the opportunity to shape healthcare policies and advocate for changes in the healthcare system that can improve patient outcomes and healthcare delivery. Nursing leaders are also instrumental in fostering a culture of innovation, continuous improvement, and professional development within their organizations.

Conclusion
The IOM report has had a profound influence on nursing practice, education, collaboration, and leadership. Its recommendations have driven changes in nursing education, inspiring nurses to pursue higher degrees and creating opportunities for interprofessional collaboration. Furthermore, the report has expanded nursing’s scope of practice, empowering nurses to provide a broader range of services and improving access to care. As nurses continue to embrace the recommendations set forth in the IOM report, the nursing profession will play an increasingly vital role in leading change and advancing health.