Review both resources provided below in addition to the assigned readings for this week and reflect on 2 key differences between the UK and US Health systems. What are key opportunities related to advocacy and politics interventions that can be done by advanced practice nurses to improve our current health system? Please refer to the resources identified below for details regarding UK Health System. 1. US and UK Health System Comparison- 2. Peterson-Kaiser Health System Tracker- 3. Please follow APA 7th

In comparing the UK and US health systems, there are several key differences that emerge. These differences highlight the unique characteristics of each system, which in turn, creates opportunities for advanced practice nurses (APNs) to advocate for positive change.

One key difference between the UK and US health systems is their funding mechanisms. The UK operates a National Health Service (NHS), which is funded through general taxation. This means that all UK residents have access to healthcare services free at the point of delivery. In contrast, the US has a complex and fragmented funding system, with a mixture of public and private sources. Many Americans rely on employment-based health insurance, while others must purchase insurance individually or access public programs such as Medicare and Medicaid. This stark difference in funding mechanisms opens up opportunities for APNs to advocate for a more equitable and comprehensive healthcare financing system in the US.

Another key difference between the UK and US health systems is the level of government involvement. In the UK, the government plays a central role in the provision and regulation of healthcare services through the NHS. The government sets overall healthcare policy, allocates funding, and oversees the delivery of services. In contrast, the US has a more decentralised approach, with a mix of public and private providers and insurers. The government’s role in the US health system is primarily focused on regulation, financing for specific populations, and oversight of public health. This difference in government involvement presents an opportunity for APNs to advocate for a stronger government role in the US health system, with a focus on improving access, quality, and coordination of care.

Given these key differences between the UK and US health systems, there are several opportunities for APNs to intervene and improve the current US health system through advocacy and political action. First and foremost, APNs can advocate for healthcare financing reform in the US. The fragmented nature of the US health insurance system leads to disparities in coverage, access, and affordability. APNs can use their expertise to educate policymakers and the public about the advantages of a more equitable and comprehensive financing mechanism, such as a single-payer system. By advocating for such reforms, APNs can help ensure that all individuals have access to necessary healthcare services without facing financial hardship.

Additionally, APNs can advocate for increased government involvement in the US health system. The decentralised nature of the US system can lead to fragmentation of care and inefficiencies. APNs can use their knowledge and skills to advocate for policies that promote coordination of care, standardisation of quality measures, and implementation of evidence-based practices. By advocating for a stronger government role, APNs can help improve the overall quality and effectiveness of healthcare delivery in the US.

APNs can also advocate for policies that promote primary care and preventive services. The UK health system, with its emphasis on primary care and early intervention, has been successful in improving health outcomes and reducing healthcare costs. APNs can work to promote policies that expand access to primary care services, ensure an adequate supply of primary care providers, and encourage preventive interventions. By focusing on primary care and prevention, APNs can contribute to a more sustainable and effective healthcare system in the US.

In conclusion, the UK and US health systems differ in their funding mechanisms and level of government involvement. These key differences present opportunities for APNs to advocate for positive change in the US health system. APNs can advocate for healthcare financing reform, increased government involvement, and policies that promote primary care and preventive services. By leveraging their expertise and engaging in advocacy and political action, APNs can contribute to improving the current US health system and advancing the well-being of individuals and communities.