Research the delivery, finance, management, and sustainability   methods of the U.S. health care system. Evaluate the effectiveness of   one or more of these areas on quality patient care and health   outcomes. Propose a potential health care reform solution to improve   effectiveness in the area you evaluated and predict the expected   effect. Describe the effect of health care reform on the U.S. health   care system and its respective stakeholders. Support your post with a   peer-reviewed journal article. Purchase the answer to view it

The U.S. health care system is a complex framework that involves various aspects such as delivery, finance, management, and sustainability methods. The effectiveness of these areas directly impacts the quality of patient care and health outcomes. In this analysis, we will evaluate the effectiveness of the management aspect on patient care and health outcomes, and propose a potential health care reform solution to improve its effectiveness.

Management in the U.S. health care system refers to the organization and coordination of resources, facilities, and personnel to ensure efficient and effective delivery of care. Effective management in health care requires strong leadership, clear goals and objectives, efficient decision-making processes, and effective communication.

Research has shown that effective management in health care is crucial for improving patient care and health outcomes. One study published in the Journal of Healthcare Management found that hospitals with better management practices had lower mortality rates and better patient outcomes compared to hospitals with weaker management practices (Harrison et al., 2016). Effective management practices include strategic planning, performance measurement, quality improvement initiatives, and effective utilization of resources.

However, the current U.S. health care system faces numerous challenges in terms of management effectiveness. One major challenge is the fragmentation of the system, with multiple entities involved in the provision of care such as hospitals, clinics, insurance companies, and government agencies. This fragmentation leads to inefficiencies and coordination challenges, resulting in suboptimal patient care and health outcomes.

To improve the effectiveness of management in the U.S. health care system, a potential health care reform solution could be the implementation of integrated care models. Integrated care models aim to better coordinate and integrate care across different health care settings and providers. These models promote collaboration and communication among various stakeholders, including physicians, nurses, social workers, and other healthcare professionals.

Integrated care models have been shown to improve patient outcomes and reduce costs. For example, the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) in the U.S. has implemented an integrated care model known as the Patient Aligned Care Team (PACT) model. This model involves a team-based approach to care, with primary care providers working closely with other healthcare professionals to provide comprehensive and coordinated care to patients. Research has shown that the PACT model has led to improved patient satisfaction, better management of chronic conditions, and reduced hospitalizations and emergency department visits (Yoon et al., 2018).

Implementing integrated care models on a larger scale in the U.S. health care system can be expected to have several positive effects. First, it can lead to improved patient outcomes and quality of care by promoting better coordination and integration of services. Second, it can result in cost savings by reducing duplicative and unnecessary services, as well as better management of chronic conditions to prevent costly complications. Third, it can enhance the patient experience by providing more accessible and patient-centered care.

However, implementing integrated care models also presents challenges. It requires significant changes in the organization and structure of the health care system, as well as collaboration and coordination among various stakeholders. Additionally, financial incentives and reimbursement models may need to be adjusted to support integrated care.

Overall, health care reform focused on improving the management aspect of the U.S. health care system through the implementation of integrated care models has the potential to significantly improve patient care and health outcomes. It can lead to better coordination and integration of care, improved patient satisfaction, cost savings, and a more patient-centered approach. However, the successful implementation of such reform would require overcoming challenges associated with system-wide changes and stakeholder collaboration.