Read chapters 10 and 11 from Tappen (2015) textbook. ***Discussion topic for Week 7 (Worth 1 points) Due Saturday at 2359 Based on your readings, please answer the following discussion question. The discussion board is located under the discussion tab. What are the perceived challenges do you expect to find with validity and trustworthiness in qualitative research? What steps will you implement to ensure that your research is reliable? Purchase the answer to view it

Title: Challenges and Strategies for Ensuring Validity and Trustworthiness in Qualitative Research

Qualitative research is an important methodological approach that allows researchers to explore and understand complex phenomena, experiences, and social interactions in depth. While qualitative research offers unique insights, its subjective nature raises challenges regarding validity and trustworthiness. This article will discuss the perceived challenges in achieving validity and trustworthiness in qualitative research and suggest steps to ensure research reliability.

Perceived Challenges in Validity and Trustworthiness in Qualitative Research:
1. Subjectivity and Bias:
Qualitative research heavily relies on the researcher’s interpretation and subjective analysis of data. This subjectivity can introduce researcher bias, potentially compromising the validity and trustworthiness of the research. Researchers must remain vigilant to mitigate their personal bias and adhere to rigorous methodological principles.

2. Credibility and Transferability:
In quantitative research, replicability is often emphasized as a means to establish credibility. However, in qualitative research, the focus shifts to establishing credibility through trustworthiness. Due to the unique contexts and circumstances under study, it may be challenging to determine if findings are transferable to other settings or populations.

3. Respondent Validity:
Ensuring the participants’ credibility and authenticity in qualitative research can be challenging. Researchers must carefully select participants who can provide rich and diverse perspectives on the research topic. Additionally, researchers should establish rapport, credibility, and trust with participants to encourage open and honest responses.

4. Inter-coder Reliability:
Qualitative research often involves multiple researchers coding and analyzing data. Achieving inter-coder reliability is crucial to ensure the consistency and coherence of findings. Researchers must establish clear coding frameworks, conduct regular training sessions, and engage in ongoing communication to address discrepancies and enhance reliability.

5. Reflexivity and Positionality:
Researchers themselves play a significant role in qualitative research. Reflexivity, an awareness of their own influence and perspective on the research process, is essential to maintain validity. Researchers must acknowledge their biases, assumptions, and preconceptions, regularly reflecting on their impact on data collection and analysis.

Steps to Ensure Research Reliability in Qualitative Research:
1. Triangulation:
To enhance the validity and trustworthiness of qualitative research, employing multiple research methods, data sources, and/or researchers is recommended. Triangulation allows for the overlapping and cross-verification of findings, increasing the overall reliability of the research.

2. Member Checking:
Member checking involves sharing research findings with participants to ensure accuracy and validity. By involving participants in the analysis and interpretation process, researchers validate their findings and provide an opportunity for participants to confirm or challenge the interpretations.

3. Thick Description:
Providing a rich and detailed description of the research context, methods, and findings helps establish the trustworthiness and credibility of qualitative research. Researchers should provide comprehensive documentation of their research steps, including detailed descriptions of the research setting, participant characteristics, data collection techniques, and analysis processes.

4. Peer Debriefing:
Engaging in discussions and seeking feedback from colleagues or other experts can improve the validity and trustworthiness of qualitative research. Peer debriefing helps identify potential biases, validate interpretations, and enhance the credibility of findings.

5. Audit Trail:
Maintaining a thorough audit trail of the research process, including data collection methods, analysis decisions, and interpretations, enhances the research’s transparency and reliability. This allows others to assess and evaluate the research process, increasing its validity and trustworthiness.

Validity and trustworthiness are essential considerations in qualitative research. Researchers should be aware of challenges such as subjectivity, bias, and credibility and employ strategies such as triangulation, member checking, thick description, and peer debriefing to enhance research reliability. By applying rigorous and transparent methods, researchers can strengthen the validity and trustworthiness of their qualitative research findings.