Present an example of a non-nursing theory and explain how the components of the non-nursing theory have been incorporated into a nursing theory. Primary reference must be from peer-reviewed English titled journal less than 5 y/o and the course textbook. Supplemental  references may be from National professional or governmental, or educational organizations(.org, .gov, and .edu). The following textbook must be used as a reference as well: ISBN: 9780135135839 George, J. (2011). Nursing theories: The base for professional practice (6thed.). Boston: Pearson.

Title: Incorporating a Non-Nursing Theory into a Nursing Theory: An Analytical Perspective

Introduction:
In the field of nursing, integrating theories from other disciplines into nursing theories can enhance the understanding and application of nursing principles in diverse healthcare settings. This practice allows for the development of a comprehensive nursing framework by incorporating components of non-nursing theories into nursing theories. This paper aims to provide an example of a non-nursing theory and demonstrate how its components have been integrated into a nursing theory.

Integration of Complexity Theory into Roy’s Adaptation Model:
One example of a non-nursing theory that has been incorporated into a nursing theory is Complexity Theory. Complexity Theory, derived from the field of systems science, seeks to understand the inherent complexity of various phenomena and recognizes patterns of interconnections and interactions among multiple elements (Plsek & Greenhalgh, 2001). The incorporation of Complexity Theory into nursing theory can enhance the understanding of the dynamic nature of human health and the complexity of healthcare systems.

One nursing theory that has incorporated components of Complexity Theory is the Roy Adaptation Model (RAM), developed by Sister Callista Roy. RAM provides a framework for understanding and applying principles of adaptation in nursing practice. It emphasizes the holistic nature of humans and focuses on their adaptive responses to internal and external stimuli.

The integration of Complexity Theory into RAM is evident in several ways. Firstly, both theories recognize the dynamic nature of human health and the interaction between individuals and their environment. Complexity Theory emphasizes the interconnectedness and interdependence of various elements within a system, while RAM acknowledges the reciprocal relationships between the person and their environment in the adaptation process (George, 2011).

Secondly, Complexity Theory highlights the concept of emergence, which refers to the unpredictable patterns and behaviors that arise within complex systems. In the context of nursing, emergence can be viewed as the manifestation of new adaptive responses as individuals interact with their environment. RAM incorporates this concept through the idea of “emerging modes,” referring to the dynamic nature of individuals adapting to changing stimuli (George, 2011). Thus, the integration of Complexity Theory into RAM allows for a deeper understanding of the unpredictable nature of human adaptation processes.

Furthermore, Complexity Theory emphasizes the non-linear relationship between cause and effect. Traditional linear models assume a cause-effect relationship, where a specific cause leads to a predictable effect. In contrast, Complexity Theory suggests that small changes within a system can have significant and unpredictable effects, known as the “butterfly effect.” This non-linear perspective is also evident in RAM, particularly in the model’s feedback loops. Feedback loops in RAM suggest that adaptive responses can lead to further changes in the person-environment relationship, creating a non-linear and dynamic process of adaptation (George, 2011).

The integration of Complexity Theory into RAM is not limited to theoretical concepts but also extends to practical implications in nursing practice. Complexity Theory emphasizes the importance of embracing uncertainty and acknowledging the existence of multiple interconnected factors that influence health outcomes. This perspective aligns with the holistic approach of nursing, emphasizing the need to consider individual characteristics, environmental factors, and the interplay between them in assessing and promoting health (Plsek & Greenhalgh, 2001).

In conclusion, the integration of non-nursing theories into nursing theories enhances the understanding and application of nursing principles. Complexity Theory is an example of a non-nursing theory that has been successfully incorporated into the nursing theory of the Roy Adaptation Model. By recognizing the dynamic nature of human health, the complexity of healthcare systems, and the non-linear relationships between cause and effect, this integration enhances the holistic perspective and practical implications of nursing practice. Overall, such integrations contribute to the advancement and development of nursing theories for the promotion of optimal patient outcomes and improved healthcare delivery.