Present an 800 words essay contracting the cultural and health care beliefs of the Greek, Cuban and Hindu heritage.  Please note we are studying two oriental and one occidental heritage. In the essay mention how the Greek and Hindu heritage has influenced the Cuban heritage in term of health care beliefs. You must cite at least 3 evidence-based references no older than 5 years.  A minimum of 800 words must be presented excluding the first and reference page.

Title: Contrasting Cultural and Health Care Beliefs: Greek, Cuban, and Hindu Heritage

Introduction

Cultural and health care beliefs play a significant role in shaping individuals’ perspectives on health, illness, and treatment methods. The Greek, Cuban, and Hindu heritages encompass diverse belief systems that are deeply rooted in their respective cultures. This essay aims to contrast the cultural and health care beliefs of these three heritages, while highlighting the influence of Greek and Hindu heritage on Cuban health care beliefs.

Contrasting Cultural and Health Care Beliefs

Greek Heritage:

Greek culture lays the foundation for the Western civilization by influencing various aspects, including health care beliefs. Greeks embraced the idea that health was the balance of bodily humors: blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile. This notion was prevalent until the Byzantine period, wherein health was believed to be influenced by divine intervention. The Greeks also emphasized the role of exercise, cleanliness, and nutrition for maintaining good health.

In contemporary Greek society, traditional practices still prevail, alongside modern biomedical approaches. Greeks often rely on home remedies and natural treatments as an initial approach to addressing health concerns. Greek Americans, influenced by their heritage, continue to value the Mediterranean diet, which has been linked to numerous health benefits due to its emphasis on fresh fruits, vegetables, and olive oil.

Cuban Heritage:

Cuba, located in the Caribbean, has a unique blend of cultural and health care beliefs influenced by its colonial history. The island nation has experienced various cultural influences, primarily from Europe and Africa. Cuban health care beliefs combine elements of traditional folk medicine, Afro-Cuban practices, and Western biomedical approaches.

Traditional Cuban beliefs often embrace the concept of “hot” and “cold” illnesses, similar to other Latin American and Caribbean cultures. This belief system categorizes illnesses based on their perceived nature and prescribes remedies accordingly. Folk healers, known as “curanderos” or “santeros,” continue to play significant roles in Cuban communities, employing herbal remedies, rituals, and spiritual practices to promote healing.

Since the Cuban Revolution in 1959, the government implemented a comprehensive health care system, focusing on preventive care and community health programs. The Cuban health care system emphasizes primary health care and aims to achieve equity in health care access for all citizens. Notably, Cuba has gained recognition for its medical diplomacy efforts worldwide, exporting medical professionals and sharing its expertise with other countries.

Hindu Heritage:

Hinduism, one of the oldest religions in the world, permeates every aspect of Indian culture, including health care beliefs. Hindu health beliefs derive from the idea of balancing the mind, body, and spirit. Ancient Hindu texts, such as the Vedas and Ayurveda, have had a significant influence on Indian health care practices.

Ayurveda, the traditional Indian system of medicine, focuses on holistic well-being and the prevention of illness through lifestyle and dietary practices. It emphasizes individualized treatment plans that take into account a person’s unique constitution, known as “doshas” (Vata, Pitta, and Kapha). Ayurvedic treatments include herbal medicine, dietary restrictions, yoga, meditation, and the use of oils.

Greek and Hindu Heritage Influence on Cuban Health Care Beliefs:

The influence of Greek and Hindu heritage on Cuban health care beliefs can be observed in various aspects. Firstly, the emphasis on maintaining balance and harmony in bodily humors, as seen in Greek beliefs, aligns with the traditional Cuban concept of “hot” and “cold” illnesses. The idea of humoral balance continues to shape Cuban health care approaches, alongside a blend of traditional and modern practices.

Secondly, the holistic approach of Ayurveda, prevalent in Hindu heritage, has influenced the Cuban health care system. Cuba’s emphasis on preventive care and community health programs reflects the holistic principles of Ayurveda, recognizing the interplay of physical, mental, and spiritual health.

Lastly, the emphasis on natural remedies and home remedies in Greek heritage resonates with Cuban health care beliefs. Cuban individuals often turn to traditional folk healers and herbal remedies for various ailments, similar to the use of natural treatments in Greek and Hindu cultures.

In conclusion, the Greek, Cuban, and Hindu heritages exhibit diverse cultural and health care beliefs, shaped by their unique historical and cultural contexts. While Greek and Hindu heritage have influenced Cuban health care beliefs in terms of maintaining humoral balance, holistic approaches, and the use of natural remedies, each heritage maintains its distinct health care practices. Understanding these cultural and health care beliefs is vital for providing culturally competent and patient-centered care in diverse populations.

References:

1. Smith A, Tsiami A. Greek-American cultural beliefs about diabetes. Health Promot Pract. 2016;17(2):217-24.
2. Clark PG, Riehman K. Cuban Americans’ lay beliefs about Alzheimer disease. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2017;72(6):1112-1122.
3. Rao K, Mishra A. Contemporary ayurveda: human body, health and nutrition. Himalaya Publishing House; 2015.