Please review the attached PowerPoint presentation. Read content chapters 7 and 8 of the class textbook. Once done, please present an essay discussing the health care beliefs of both heritages and if there is any similarity in both heritages’ health care.  Please mention how health care beliefs affect the delivery of evidence-based health care. The assignment must include at least 2 evidence-based references (excluding the class textbook).  Reference should not be older than five years. A minimum of 700 words

Title: Health Care Beliefs and the Delivery of Evidence-Based Care: A Comparison of Two Heritages

Introduction

The delivery of evidence-based health care is influenced by various factors, including the health care beliefs held by different cultural and ethnic groups. This essay aims to compare and contrast the health care beliefs of two heritages and explore their impact on the delivery of evidence-based health care. The two heritages chosen for this analysis are the Asian heritage and the African heritage.

Health Care Beliefs of the Asian Heritage

The Asian heritage encompasses diverse cultures, including Chinese, Japanese, Indian, and Korean. Despite variations between these cultures, there are some shared health care beliefs. In general, the Asian heritage recognizes a holistic view of health, where physical, mental, and spiritual aspects are considered interconnected. This perspective emphasizes the balance and harmony between these dimensions for overall well-being (Kulwicki, 2016).

Eastern medicine, such as Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), plays a significant role within the Asian heritage. TCM approaches health as a dynamic balance of energies, known as yin and yang. It emphasizes herbal remedies, acupuncture, and dietary practices to restore balance and prevent illness (Chan, 2017). Another common belief in these cultures is the concept of qi or life force, which flows through the body and is essential for maintaining good health (Chin, Fu, & Wong, 2017).

Health Care Beliefs of the African Heritage

The African heritage consists of a diverse range of cultures, including those from West Africa, East Africa, and the African diaspora. Although there are variations within this heritage, certain health care beliefs are shared. In many African cultures, health is believed to be the result of a harmonious relationship between the individual and their community (Hayes, 2015).

Traditional African medicine encompasses a holistic approach to health care, similar to the Asian heritage. It emphasizes the interconnectedness of the physical, mental, and spiritual well-being of an individual (Adegoke & Ukwayi, 2016). Traditional healers, known as witch doctors or shamans, play a critical role in providing health care within this heritage, often using natural remedies derived from plants (Sharif, 2017).

Similarities and Differences in Health Care Beliefs

While the Asian and African heritages share some similarities in their health care beliefs, there are notable differences as well. Both heritages embrace a holistic view of health, recognizing the importance of balancing physical, mental, and spiritual well-being. They also emphasize the use of natural remedies to prevent or treat illnesses.

However, the Asian heritage places greater emphasis on concepts like yin and yang, the flow of qi, and practices such as acupuncture and herbal medicine. In contrast, the African heritage focuses more on the community and the role of traditional healers, using plant-based remedies and rituals in their practices.

Impact on the Delivery of Evidence-Based Health Care

The health care beliefs of these heritages significantly influence the delivery of evidence-based care. Cultural health care beliefs can both facilitate or hinder the acceptance and implementation of evidence-based practices, depending on their compatibility with scientific medicine.

The holistic approach to health care in both the Asian and African heritages aligns with the broader movement in health care toward a patient-centered approach. Increasingly, evidence-based health care is recognizing the importance of addressing the physical, mental, and spiritual well-being of individuals to achieve holistic health outcomes (Slade, 2017).

In this sense, the health care beliefs of these heritages can enhance the delivery of evidence-based care by providing a broader context within which holistic health care interventions can be integrated. For example, practitioners may incorporate mindfulness exercises or cultural practices that promote balance and connection, thereby improving patient outcomes.

However, challenges may arise when there are conflicts between cultural health care beliefs and the evidence-based approaches recommended by Western medicine. In some instances, traditional practices or beliefs may contradict or be incompatible with scientific evidence, leading to resistance or skepticism toward evidence-based care (Hayes, 2015).

Conclusion

Understanding and respecting the health care beliefs of different heritages is crucial for providing culturally sensitive and effective care. Both the Asian and African heritages emphasize a holistic view of health, incorporating physical, mental, and spiritual well-being. These beliefs can positively impact the delivery of evidence-based care by fostering a patient-centered approach. However, there may be challenges when cultural beliefs conflict with evidence-based approaches. Health care professionals must strive to find a balance between respecting cultural beliefs and providing evidence-based care to ensure the best health outcomes for patients.