Please review Chapter 21: The Role of Root Cause Analysis in Public Safety ERM Programs Case and provide response for following questions. 1. Identify an emerging crime issue in your community using data available from sources such as local newspapers, online police reporting, and so forth. Frame the situation, and then identify the restraining and driving forces that may be impacting the issue. 2. Using your force field analysis, develop a cause and effect diagram for the situation.

Chapter 21 explores the role of root cause analysis in public safety Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) programs. This chapter focuses on the use of root cause analysis in identifying and addressing the underlying causes of safety issues in public safety organizations. In order to provide a response to the questions posed, it is important to understand the concepts and methodologies discussed in the chapter.

Effective risk management in public safety organizations requires a systematic approach to identifying and addressing the root causes of safety issues. Root cause analysis is a method used to identify the underlying causes of problems and develop strategies to prevent their recurrence. This process involves examining the various factors that contribute to a problem and determining the most significant causes.

In order to identify an emerging crime issue in your community, it is necessary to gather data from sources such as local newspapers, online police reporting, and other relevant sources. This data can provide insights into the current trends and patterns of crime in the community. Once the data has been collected, it is important to analyze and interpret the information to understand the nature and extent of the crime issue.

After identifying the emerging crime issue in your community, it is important to frame the situation by clearly defining the problem and its impact on the community. This can involve describing the specific types of crimes that are occurring, the locations and times at which they are happening, and the individuals or groups involved. Additionally, it is important to consider the consequences of the crime issue for the community, such as the impact on public safety, the local economy, and the overall quality of life.

Once the situation has been framed, it is necessary to identify the restraining and driving forces that may be impacting the crime issue. Restraining forces are factors that inhibit or limit change, while driving forces are factors that promote or facilitate change. In the context of the crime issue, restraining forces may include factors such as limited resources for law enforcement, ineffective crime prevention strategies, or community apathy towards crime. Driving forces, on the other hand, may include factors such as increased drug use, high unemployment rates, or social inequality.

To develop a cause and effect diagram, also known as a fishbone diagram or Ishikawa diagram, for the situation, you can utilize a force field analysis. A force field analysis is a technique used to analyze the forces that impact a particular situation and identify the factors that contribute to a problem. This analysis involves identifying the driving and restraining forces that were previously identified and mapping them out on a diagram.

The cause and effect diagram, or fishbone diagram, is a visual representation of the factors that contribute to a problem and the relationships between these factors. It consists of a horizontal line, the “spine” of the diagram, with branches that represent the different categories or factors. The branches are then further divided into sub-branches that represent the specific causes or factors within each category. This diagram can help to visually organize and understand the complex relationships between the various factors contributing to the crime issue in your community.

In conclusion, Chapter 21 discusses the role of root cause analysis in public safety ERM programs. To identify an emerging crime issue in your community, data from sources such as local newspapers and online police reports can be examined. The situation can be framed by defining the problem and understanding its impact on the community. Restraining and driving forces that may impact the issue can then be identified. Using a force field analysis and cause and effect diagram, the relationships between these factors can be visually represented and analyzed.