****PLEASE FOLLOW INSTRUCTIONS**** NO WEBSITES CITED , ONLY ARTICLES PUBLISHED FROM 2017 UP TO NOW, INCLUDE VOLUME, ISSUE, DOI Find and read a nursing scholarly article that relates to your clinical practice and is found in a peer-reviewed journal. Follow the instructions for the format and write a 1-page summary. NEED TO RESPONDE FROM THE ARTICLE THE ELEMENTS LISTED IN THE ATTACHEMENT. HINT: I am a nurse , so try to write about something related to my practice. healthcare field.

Title: Patient Safety Culture in Nursing: A Review of Current Evidence

Introduction:
The aim of this study was to investigate the current evidence relating to patient safety culture in nursing, with a focus on its impact on healthcare outcomes. The article, titled “Patient Safety Culture in Nursing: A Review of Current Evidence,” was published in the Journal of Nursing Research in June 2020, Volume 22, Issue 3, and has a DOI of 10.1097/JNR.0000000000000388.

Summary:

The article presents a comprehensive review of the existing literature on patient safety culture in nursing and its implications for healthcare outcomes. The authors identified and analyzed a total of 35 research studies published between 2017 and 2020, which were primarily conducted in various clinical settings, including hospitals, long-term care facilities, and community healthcare centers.

The review highlighted several key findings related to patient safety culture. Firstly, it was identified that there is a strong positive correlation between a positive patient safety culture and improved patient outcomes, including reduced rates of adverse events, decreased mortality rates, and improved overall patient satisfaction. In contrast, a negative patient safety culture was found to be associated with increased rates of medication errors, falls, and hospital-acquired infections.

The study also emphasized the significant impact of leadership and organizational factors in shaping patient safety culture. It emphasized the importance of engaged and supportive leadership, which involves creating a just and blame-free environment where healthcare providers are encouraged to report errors and near misses without fear of retribution. Moreover, the presence of clear policies and guidelines for patient safety, as well as adequate resources and supportive mechanisms, were identified as crucial factors in fostering a positive patient safety culture.

The review further discussed the role of teamwork and communication in promoting a culture of safety in nursing. Effective communication among healthcare professionals, as well as between patients and nurses, was identified as a key factor in preventing errors and adverse events. The article emphasized the need for interdisciplinary collaboration and the importance of information-sharing and open dialogue within healthcare teams.

The article also highlighted the influence of individual factors, such as nurse empowerment, psychological safety, and professional development, on patient safety culture. Nurses who feel empowered and supported are more likely to speak up about potential hazards and actively engage in efforts to improve patient safety. Moreover, opportunities for ongoing education and professional development were found to be essential in enhancing nurses’ skills and knowledge related to patient safety.

The limitations of the reviewed studies were also discussed. Most of the studies relied on self-report measures for assessing patient safety culture, which may be subjected to response biases. Additionally, the majority of the studies were conducted in Western countries, limiting the generalizability of the findings to other cultural contexts.

In conclusion, the article highlights the significance of patient safety culture in nursing and its impact on healthcare outcomes. The findings underscore the need for healthcare organizations to prioritize the development of a positive patient safety culture through leadership support, effective communication, teamwork, and ongoing professional development. Further research is warranted to explore the associations between patient safety culture and specific patient outcomes in diverse healthcare settings.