Please answer the following True and False questions and justify your answer (1 paragraph)*** 1. Autism is more often diagnosed in boys than in girls? _____ 2. Autism can be caused by emotional deprivation. _____ 3. Autism is on the increase. _____ 4. Autism has the same rate of occurrence worldwide _____ 5. Autism can be detected before a child is 2 years old _____ 6. Autism runs in families ____ 7. There is a single gene for autism ____ 8. Autism can be caused by the MMR vaccine _____ 9. A person with autism can grow out of it _____ 10. People with autism all have below average intelligence _____ 11. People with autism always prefer being alone _____ 12. Adults with autism are not capable of working _____ 13. People with autism can’t feel emotions ____ 14. People with autism do not easily understand that other people are thinking _____ 15. All people with autism display deficits in communication _____ Answers’ justification: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.

1. True. Research consistently shows that autism is more often diagnosed in boys than in girls. The ratio varies, but a commonly cited figure is about 4:1, meaning that for every 4 boys with autism, there is 1 girl with autism. This gender disparity in autism diagnosis has been recognized for many years and remains a topic of ongoing research and investigation.

2. False. Autism is not caused by emotional deprivation. While early childhood experiences and environmental factors can influence the development and manifestation of autism symptoms, they are not the primary cause of autism. Autism is a complex neurodevelopmental condition that is believed to have a multifactorial etiology, involving a combination of genetic, environmental, and neurological factors.

3. True. There is evidence to suggest that the prevalence of autism has been steadily increasing over the past few decades. This increase may be due to a combination of factors, including improved awareness and screening, changes in diagnostic criteria, and a potential increase in actual incidence. However, it is important to note that this increase may also be influenced by changes in how autism is diagnosed and reported.

4. False. The rate of occurrence of autism varies across different regions and populations worldwide. While some studies suggest that the prevalence of autism is relatively consistent across different countries, other research indicates significant variations. These variations may be due to differences in diagnostic practices, cultural factors, and other environmental influences. Therefore, it is incorrect to assume that autism has the same rate of occurrence worldwide.

5. True. Early detection and diagnosis of autism are possible, and symptoms can often be identified before a child is 2 years old. However, it is important to note that the age at which autism is detected can vary depending on individual factors and access to appropriate screening and diagnostic services. Early intervention is critical for improving outcomes for individuals with autism, as it allows for the implementation of strategies and support tailored to their specific needs.

6. True. There is evidence to suggest that autism tends to run in families and has a genetic component. Research has shown that individuals who have a close family member with autism are at an increased risk of developing the condition themselves. However, it is important to note that genetics is just one piece of the puzzle, and other factors, such as environmental influences, also play a role in the development of autism.

7. False. Autism is a complex condition that is believed to involve multiple genes and gene-environment interactions. There is no single gene responsible for autism. Instead, researchers have identified various genes that are associated with an increased risk of developing autism. These genetic variations are thought to contribute to the underlying neurobiological and developmental differences associated with autism.

8. False. Multiple large-scale studies have consistently shown that there is no causal link between the MMR (measles, mumps, rubella) vaccine and autism. The initial study that suggested a link between the MMR vaccine and autism has been widely discredited and retracted. Numerous subsequent studies have thoroughly investigated this issue and found no evidence to support a causal relationship.

9. False. Autism is a lifelong condition, and individuals with autism do not “grow out of it.” While individuals with autism can make progress and learn to adapt to their challenges, autism remains a fundamental aspect of their neurodevelopmental profile. It is important to provide ongoing support, interventions, and accommodations to individuals with autism across their lifespan to facilitate their well-being and quality of life.

10. False. Autism is not synonymous with low intelligence. While some individuals with autism may have intellectual disabilities, there is significant variation in cognitive abilities within the autism spectrum. Some individuals with autism have average or above-average intelligence and may excel in certain areas, such as math, music, or visual-spatial skills. It is crucial to recognize and support the unique strengths and abilities of individuals with autism.

11. False. While some individuals with autism may prefer solitude or have difficulty with social interactions, it is incorrect to assume that all people with autism always prefer being alone. Autistic individuals, like those without autism, have a wide range of preferences and social needs. Some individuals with autism may enjoy socializing and seek out social interactions, albeit in their own unique ways.

12. False. Many adults with autism are capable of working and can make meaningful contributions to the workforce. With appropriate support, accommodations, and understanding from employers and colleagues, individuals with autism can excel in various professions and occupations. However, it is also important to recognize that some individuals with autism may face certain challenges in the workplace and may benefit from additional support.

13. False. People with autism can and do experience emotions. However, they may have difficulty recognizing, expressing, and regulating their emotions in ways that are typical for neurotypical individuals. This can sometimes lead to misunderstandings or misinterpretations of an individual’s emotional experiences. It is important to take individual differences into account and provide appropriate support and understanding to help individuals with autism navigate their emotions.

14. False. While some individuals with autism may have difficulty understanding and predicting other people’s thoughts and perspectives, it is incorrect to assume that all people with autism do not easily understand that other people are thinking. Theory of Mind, which involves understanding that others have their own thoughts, beliefs, and intentions, can vary among individuals with autism. Some individuals with autism demonstrate strong Theory of Mind abilities, while others may struggle in this area.

15. False. While many individuals with autism do experience challenges in communication, not all people with autism display deficits in communication. Communication abilities can vary widely among individuals with autism, ranging from those who are nonverbal and rely on alternative forms of communication to those who have advanced language skills. It is crucial to recognize and support different communication styles and preferences within the autism spectrum.