Please, answer the following question in 2-3 paragraphs, the answer requires two references:  1). from peer-reviewed Nursing Journal not older than 5 years, and 2). from the following text book: Nursing Health Assessment – A Best Practice Approach. Jensen, S (2015) Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 2nd Ed. 978-1451192865; APA format is required. Discuss the importance of nurse-patient communication in the following areas: (1) introduction, (2) ethical considerations, (3) communication style used, and (4) age and condition variations.

Nurse-patient communication plays a crucial role in healthcare settings as it facilitates the establishment of a therapeutic relationship between the nurse and the patient. Effective communication is essential during the introduction phase as it sets the foundation for the entire interaction. According to Jensen (2015), a good introduction helps to establish trust, enhances patient comfort, and promotes open communication. It is important for nurses to introduce themselves, explain their role, and clarify the purpose of the interaction. This initial exchange helps alleviate anxiety and establishes a respectful and collaborative partnership between the nurse and the patient.

In terms of ethical considerations, nurse-patient communication is vital for ensuring informed consent. The process of obtaining informed consent requires clear and effective communication to ensure that patients understand their condition, treatment options, potential risks, and benefits. Failure to communicate this information properly may result in misunderstandings and can lead to ethical dilemmas. According to a study by Street, Makoul, Arora, and Epstein (2009), good communication has been associated with higher rates of patient satisfaction, informed decision-making, and adherence to treatment plans. Nurses have an ethical responsibility to communicate in a manner that patients can comprehend, taking into account their individual needs, beliefs, and cultural background.

The style of communication used by nurses is also an important consideration. According to Jensen (2015), effective communication involves active listening, empathy, and the use of clear and concise language. Active listening allows nurses to fully understand patients’ concerns, needs, and expectations, leading to improved patient outcomes. Empathy helps nurses to connect with patients on a deeper level, showing understanding and compassion. Clear and concise language is crucial to avoid misunderstandings and to ensure that patients fully comprehend the information being conveyed.

Different age groups and conditions require variations in communication approaches. For instance, elderly patients may have hearing or cognitive impairments and may require additional time and patience during the communication process. Moreover, patients with mental health conditions may have difficulties expressing their thoughts and emotions, requiring nurses to use appropriate therapeutic communication techniques.

In conclusion, nurse-patient communication is of paramount importance in healthcare settings. It plays a crucial role in establishing a therapeutic relationship, ensuring informed consent, and promoting patient satisfaction. Nurses should utilize effective communication strategies such as active listening, empathy, and the use of clear and concise language. Additionally, they should consider individual variations in age and condition when communicating with patients. By prioritizing effective communication, nurses can provide patient-centered care and contribute to improved patient outcomes.

References:
Jensen, S. (2015). Nursing Health Assessment – A Best Practice Approach. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Street, R. L., Makoul, G., Arora, N. K., & Epstein, R. M. (2009). How does communication heal?: Pathways linking clinician–patient communication to health outcomes. Patient Education and Counseling, 74(3), 295-301. doi:10.1016/j.pec.2008.11.015