This assignment aims to analyze the case of Mr. Gordon, a 52-year-old client who was admitted to the hospital following a motor vehicle crash (MVC). Mr. Gordon has suffered rib fractures and has a laceration along his right thigh. This analysis will focus on assessing Mr. Gordon’s pain level and vital signs, including blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR), oxygen saturation (SpO2), and body temperature (T).
Mr. Gordon reports his pain level to be 9 on a scale of 0-10, with 0 being no pain and 10 being the worst pain imaginable. This self-reported pain level provides valuable information about the severity of Mr. Gordon’s pain. However, it is important to note that pain is subjective and can vary from person to person. Therefore, it is crucial to consider other objective factors in conjunction with the patient’s self-report.
Vital Signs Assessment
Blood Pressure (BP): Mr. Gordon’s BP is measured at 150/88 mmHg. The first number, systolic pressure (150 mmHg), represents the pressure in the arteries when the heart is contracting, while the second number, diastolic pressure (88 mmHg), represents the pressure when the heart is at rest. This reading indicates that Mr. Gordon’s blood pressure is slightly elevated, which could be due to pain and stress from the MVC.
Heart Rate (HR): Mr. Gordon’s HR is recorded as 105 beats per minute (bpm). The normal resting HR for adults ranges from 60-100 bpm. However, it is important to consider that pain, stress, and injury can elevate HR. In Mr. Gordon’s case, the increased HR may be a response to the pain he is experiencing.
Respiratory Rate (RR): Mr. Gordon’s RR is measured at 22 breaths per minute (bpm). A normal adult’s RR typically ranges from 12-20 bpm. Similar to HR, pain and stress can influence RR. Mr. Gordon’s slightly increased RR could be due to pain and potentially restricted breathing from the rib fractures.
Oxygen Saturation (SpO2): Mr. Gordon’s SpO2 is noted as 95% on room air (RA). The normal range for SpO2 is typically 95-100%. This reading indicates that Mr. Gordon’s oxygen saturation is within an acceptable range. However, it is important to monitor his SpO2 closely, as rib fractures and potential lung involvement from the MVC can affect respiratory function.
Body Temperature (T): Mr. Gordon’s body temperature is registered as 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit when taken orally. This reading falls within the normal range of 97.6-99.6 degrees Fahrenheit for adults. Normal body temperature indicates that Mr. Gordon does not have an evident fever at this time. However, it is essential to monitor temperature regularly, as infection can develop in the laceration on his right thigh.
Based on the assessment of Mr. Gordon’s pain level and vital signs, it is evident that he is experiencing significant pain and physiological changes following the MVC. The severity of Mr. Gordon’s pain, rated as 9 on a scale of 0-10, signifies a high level of discomfort and distress. This level of pain can significantly impact Mr. Gordon’s wellbeing and recovery. Therefore, it is paramount to address his pain promptly and effectively.
The recorded vital signs reflect a potential physiological response to pain and injury. Mr. Gordon’s slightly elevated blood pressure, heart rate, and respiratory rate indicate a stress response to the MVC and associated pain. These changes in vital signs can be expected in such situations. However, continued monitoring is necessary to ensure that there are no further complications or deterioration in Mr. Gordon’s condition.
In conclusion, the assessment of Mr. Gordon’s pain level and vital signs reveals the significant impact of the MVC on his wellbeing and physiological function. The severity of Mr. Gordon’s pain, along with the slightly elevated blood pressure, heart rate, and respiratory rate, highlights the need for immediate pain management and ongoing monitoring. By addressing these issues promptly and effectively, healthcare professionals can strive to improve Mr. Gordon’s comfort and support his recovery process.