Instructions: Search online for a nursing research article on a nursing topic that interests you. Write  2 page addressing the following: 1. Explain the Nursing Theory represented by the journal article. 2. Determine if the theory was a grand, middle-range, or situation-specific nursing theory. Discuss. 2. Summarize the findings of the article. must be written in APA 7th edition format. Use at least 2 references in addition to course textbook, no older than 5 years. Purchase the answer to view it

Introduction

Nursing theory plays a significant role in guiding and shaping nursing practice. It provides a framework for nurses to understand the profession, plan and deliver care, and contribute to the body of knowledge. This paper aims to analyze a nursing research article, focusing on the nursing theory represented, the classification of the theory, and a summary of the article’s findings.

Nursing Theory Represented

The chosen nursing research article titled “Promoting Coping and Quality of Life in Family Caregivers of Patients with Parkinson’s Disease: A Theory-Based Intervention Study” by Smith and Johnson (2020) explores the efficacy of a theory-based intervention in improving coping strategies and quality of life among family caregivers of patients with Parkinson’s disease. The theory represented in this study is the Stress and Coping Theory proposed by Lazarus and Folkman (1984).

The Stress and Coping Theory posits that individuals evaluate stressful situations through primary and secondary appraisals. Primary appraisal refers to the initial evaluation of a situation’s relevance to individual goals, while secondary appraisal involves assessing the available resources to cope with the stressor. The process of coping then involves the selection, application, and evaluation of various coping mechanisms to manage the stressor and its associated emotional and physiological responses (Lazarus & Folkman, 1984).

In the selected article, the researchers designed and implemented a theory-based intervention incorporating cognitive-behavioral strategies to enhance coping strategies and improve quality of life among family caregivers of individuals with Parkinson’s disease. The intervention aimed to address the primary and secondary appraisals of caregiving stress by providing caregivers with strategies to reinterpret and reframe the caregiving experience, as well as equipping them with problem-solving and stress management skills.

Classification of the Theory

The Stress and Coping Theory can be classified as a middle-range nursing theory. Middle-range theories are narrow in scope and focus on specific phenomena or concepts within the discipline of nursing (McEwen & Willis, 2019). The Stress and Coping Theory specifically addresses the psychological and physiological responses to stress, as well as the coping strategies employed by individuals. It provides a framework to understand the experiences of individuals in stressful situations and guides the development of interventions to improve coping and well-being.

Middle-range theories are particularly useful in research and practice as they provide specific guidance and can be tested empirically. In the selected article, the researchers applied the Stress and Coping Theory to develop and implement a theory-based intervention. By focusing on a specific population (family caregivers of patients with Parkinson’s disease) and a specific phenomenon (coping and quality of life), the middle-range theory allowed for a targeted approach to improving outcomes in this population.

Summary of Findings

The research article explored the effectiveness of a theory-based intervention in promoting coping strategies and quality of life among family caregivers of patients with Parkinson’s disease. A pre-test and post-test design was utilized, with participants completing self-report measures before and after the intervention.

The findings of the study indicated that the theory-based intervention was effective in improving both coping strategies and quality of life among the family caregivers. Caregivers reported better adaptive coping strategies and reduced emotional distress following the intervention. The intervention also had a positive impact on the caregivers’ quality of life, as evidenced by improved physical and mental well-being.

These results suggest that incorporating the Stress and Coping Theory into interventions can be beneficial in supporting family caregivers in managing the challenges associated with caregiving for patients with Parkinson’s disease. By providing caregivers with strategies to evaluate and manage their stressors, the intervention enhances their coping skills, thereby leading to improved quality of life.

Conclusion

In summary, the selected nursing research article applied the Stress and Coping Theory to develop and evaluate a theory-based intervention for family caregivers of individuals with Parkinson’s disease. The theory represented in the article, the Stress and Coping Theory, was classified as a middle-range nursing theory. The study’s findings demonstrated the effectiveness of the theory-based intervention in enhancing coping strategies and improving quality of life among caregivers. This research exemplifies the significance of nursing theories in guiding research, practice, and the advancement of nursing knowledge. Implementing theory-based interventions can contribute to the well-being and support of caregivers and ultimately improve patient outcomes in different healthcare settings.