Instructions: Annotated Bibliography Pick a type of cancer to research. Find articles that answer questions concerning your chosen type of cancer. The annotated bibliography should consist of two parts: the reference citation in APA format, followed by the summary for that reference.  Sources should address the following topics, which will be included in the Unit V Research Paper: o Define cancer. o Describe the type of cancer you selected. o Describe the diagnosis: symptoms, diagnosis, staging, and prognosis. o Discuss treatment options, including medicines/alternative treatments. o Discuss causes/risk factors. o Include the incidence rate or statistics. o Explain the resources you would use if you or someone you knew had this type of cancer. o Discuss what you can do to help the fight against cancer. o Include any other interesting facts.  Create an annotated bibliography following the structure given: o Find four to six current sources (published within the last five years). o Note that the reference citations should be organized in alphabetical order. Number of Pages: 3 Pages Academic Level: College Paper Format: APA

Annotated Bibliography: Breast Cancer

Breast cancer, a highly prevalent malignancy affecting the breast tissue, is a topic of extensive research and discussion due to its significant impact on the health and well-being of individuals globally. This annotated bibliography presents a collection of six current sources that explore various aspects of breast cancer, including its definition, diagnosis, treatment options, risk factors, incidence rates, available resources, the fight against cancer, and other interesting facts.

1. American Cancer Society. (2020). Breast Cancer Overview. Retrieved from
The American Cancer Society provides an in-depth overview of breast cancer, explaining the disease’s definition, risk factors, and its impact on individuals. The article further describes the different types of breast cancer, including invasive and non-invasive types, and their respective characteristics. Additionally, the resource highlights the importance of early detection through mammography and emphasizes the significance of understanding the stages of breast cancer for proper treatment and prognostication.

2. National Cancer Institute. (2020). Breast Cancer Treatment (PDQ)-Health Professional Version. Retrieved from
This source by the National Cancer Institute focuses on the treatment options available for breast cancer. It thoroughly discusses various treatment modalities, including surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and hormone therapy. The article also addresses the potential side effects and complications associated with each treatment approach, providing healthcare professionals with valuable guidelines for making informed decisions about patient care.

3. Aronowitz, R. S., & Grady, D. (2020). Breast Cancer: Diagnosis and Management. JAMA, 324(20), 2101–2102. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.20865
Aronowitz and Grady’s article delves into the diagnosis and management of breast cancer, offering a concise yet comprehensive overview of the key aspects. The authors highlight the importance of recognizing common symptoms such as breast lumps, nipple changes, and skin dimpling, and discuss the role of mammography, ultrasound, and biopsy in establishing an accurate diagnosis. Furthermore, they elaborate on the staging process and the crucial role of prognosis in determining appropriate treatment strategies.

4. World Cancer Research Fund International. (2018). Breast Cancer Statistics. Retrieved from
The World Cancer Research Fund International presents noteworthy statistics related to breast cancer. This resource elucidates the global incidence rates and prevalence of breast cancer, highlighting the regional variations and trends. Additionally, it provides insights into key risk factors such as age, genetic predisposition, reproductive history, and lifestyle choices, contributing to a comprehensive understanding of the disease burden and potential preventive measures.

5. (2020). How to Help. Retrieved from offers an informative article on how individuals can contribute to the fight against breast cancer. It provides practical suggestions for supporting those affected by the disease, participating in community events, advocating for research funding, and promoting awareness campaigns. The resource also emphasizes the importance of education and empowerment in creating a collective effort to combat breast cancer.

6. Gierach, G. L., Amankwah, E. K., Flagg, E. W., Mai, P. L., Philpott, S. E., & Xu, X. (2019). Epidemiology of Breast Cancer Subtypes in Two Prospective Cohort Studies of Breast Cancer Risk. Breast Cancer Research, 21(1), 1-14. doi:10.1186/s13058-019-1159-7
This research article investigates the incidence rates and epidemiology of different breast cancer subtypes. Gierach et al. conducted two prospective cohort studies and analyzed a large dataset to examine the risk factors associated with various subtypes, including hormonal receptor-positive and hormone receptor-negative breast cancers. The findings shed light on the etiology of the disease and have implications for personalized screening, prevention, and treatment strategies.

In conclusion, this annotated bibliography provides a collection of six current resources addressing multiple facets of breast cancer. The sources explore the definition, diagnosis, treatment options, risk factors, incidence rates, available resources, the fight against cancer, and other intriguing facts related to breast cancer. These comprehensive and informative articles lay the groundwork for a well-researched Unit V Research Paper on breast cancer.