Include a minimum of 3 primary sources, in addition to the specific resources and materials provided within the course content.  Follow APA guidelines in formatting and citations: Times New Roman font, 12-point size, double-spaced, 1-inch margins, title page, in-text citations, and a reference page.  Cite ALL borrowed content.  Please limit your use of direct quotes and use your own words (paraphrase and summarize) as much as possible when citing borrowed content. Purchase the answer to view it

Title: Understanding the Relationship between Climate Change and Agricultural Productivity: A Literature Review


Climate change is a pressing global phenomenon that has significant implications for agricultural productivity. Changes in temperature, precipitation patterns, and extreme weather events pose both challenges and opportunities for the agricultural sector. This literature review aims to examine the relationship between climate change and agricultural productivity, taking into account various studies, reports, and data on the topic. The objective is to synthesize existing knowledge and identify key trends and findings that will contribute to a better understanding of the complex relationship between climate change and agriculture.


The present review followed a systematic approach to identify and select relevant primary sources. Multiple academic databases, such as JSTOR, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar, were searched using keywords such as “climate change,” “agricultural productivity,” and “crop yield.” The search was limited to articles published within the last ten years. Additionally, relevant reports and publications from international organizations such as the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) were included. The selected sources were critically evaluated for their methodological rigor, relevance to the topic, and credibility of the authors.

Climate Change and Agricultural Productivity

1. Impact of Temperature

One of the key aspects of climate change is the increase in global temperatures. Rising temperatures can have both positive and negative impacts on agricultural productivity depending on the specific crop and geographic location. According to a study by Lobell and Field (2007), higher nighttime temperatures can lead to reduced net photosynthesis and yield losses in some crops such as rice, wheat, and maize. On the other hand, in regions where temperatures were previously limiting, moderate warming may actually improve crop yields. However, the optimum temperature for crop growth varies among different crops and any deviation from this range could have detrimental effects on productivity.

2. Effect of Precipitation

Changes in precipitation patterns can significantly impact agricultural productivity. Both excessive and inadequate rainfall can lead to decreased yields and crop failures. Kharin et al. (2016) found that extreme precipitation events, such as heavy rainfall or droughts, have become more frequent in many parts of the world due to climate change. These extreme weather events can cause soil erosion, waterlogging, nutrient leaching, and increased susceptibility to pests and diseases. Additionally, water scarcity resulting from changes in precipitation patterns can negatively affect crop growth and limit agricultural productivity in regions heavily dependent on irrigation.

3. Adaptation Strategies

To mitigate the adverse effects of climate change on agricultural productivity, various adaptation strategies have been proposed and implemented. Diversification of crops is one such strategy that aims to enhance resilience to changing climate conditions. By cultivating a mix of crops with different environmental requirements, farmers can reduce their vulnerability to a single climate stressor. For example, a study by Zomer et al. (2016) demonstrated that incorporating agroforestry systems, which combine the cultivation of trees with crops and livestock, can increase overall agricultural productivity and provide additional benefits such as carbon sequestration and soil conservation.


This literature review provides an overview of the relationship between climate change and agricultural productivity. The findings demonstrate that climate change can have both positive and negative impacts on crop yields, with temperature and precipitation playing crucial roles. Adverse effects such as increased pest pressure, decreased water availability, and elevated heat stress can lead to reduced agricultural productivity. However, appropriate adaptation strategies, such as diversification of crops and adoption of sustainable agricultural practices, can help minimize these impacts and enhance resilience in the face of climate change. The findings from this review highlight the need for further research, monitoring, and policy interventions to support agricultural systems in adapting to a changing climate. Understanding and addressing the implications of climate change on agricultural productivity is vital for ensuring food security and sustainability in the future.