Identify a vulnerable population or a community health issue and use what you have learned during this course using EBP to guide health technology, community resources, screening, outreach, referral and follow up to improve health outcomes in the community. Must address all of the topics. At least 2 pages (excluding title and reference page). APA format, including a minimum of two references within a 5 year span. Pls add the articules used here Purchase the answer to view it

Title: Utilizing Evidence-Based Practice to Address Health Disparities in a Vulnerable Population

Introduction

Health disparities, defined as preventable differences in the burden of disease, mortality rates, and access to healthcare services, continue to persist in diverse communities across the globe. Vulnerable populations, characterized by socioeconomic disadvantages, cultural differences, and limited access to healthcare, are particularly susceptible to experiencing these disparities. In this paper, we will discuss the application of evidence-based practice (EBP) to address a community health issue within a vulnerable population, focusing on health technology, community resources, screening, outreach, referral, and follow-up strategies.

Identifying a vulnerable population and community health issue

For the purpose of this paper, we will focus on the community health issue of childhood obesity among low-income African American children in an urban neighborhood. Childhood obesity has become a significant public health concern, and this vulnerable population is particularly at risk due to various socioecological factors such as limited access to nutritious food, high prevalence of sedentary behaviors, and environmental disparities.

Using health technology to improve health outcomes

In tackling childhood obesity, health technology plays a vital role in both prevention and management. Mobile health applications (apps) and wearable devices have been developed to empower individuals to monitor their physical activity, nutritional intake, and progress toward health goals. These technologies can provide personalized feedback, educational resources, and motivational support, enhancing self-efficacy and long-term engagement in healthy behaviors. For example, a study conducted by Turner-McGrievy et al. (2019) found that the use of a smartphone app led to statistically significant reductions in BMI among low-income African American children. By leveraging health technology, interventions can be tailored to the specific needs of the vulnerable population, leading to improved health outcomes.

Harnessing community resources to promote health equity

The utilization of community resources is another essential component in addressing health disparities. Collaborations between healthcare providers, community organizations, and schools can facilitate the implementation of multi-faceted interventions that target various determinants of health. For instance, establishing community gardens and farmers markets can increase access to fresh fruits and vegetables, addressing the issue of limited availability of nutritious food in low-income neighborhoods. Additionally, partnering with local organizations or churches to offer physical activity programs and educational workshops can promote healthy behaviors and increase health literacy. By capitalizing on existing community resources and creating new opportunities, the impact on health outcomes can be maximized.

Screening and early detection

Implementing screening programs to identify individuals at risk is crucial in addressing health disparities. In the case of childhood obesity, routine screenings in healthcare settings, schools, and community centers can help identify children who are overweight or obese. These screenings can be combined with comprehensive health assessments, including measurements of weight, height, body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference. Early detection allows for timely interventions and supports early prevention strategies, reducing the long-term burden of obesity-related illnesses. It is important to ensure that these screenings are culturally sensitive and easily accessible for the vulnerable population, thereby minimizing barriers to early detection.

Outreach, referral, and follow-up

Reaching out to vulnerable populations and providing appropriate referrals and follow-up care is crucial for improving health outcomes. Healthcare providers should engage in culturally sensitive outreach strategies, such as community health fairs, door-to-door campaigns, and school-based interventions. By partnering with local organizations and community leaders, healthcare providers gain trust and enhance the accessibility of care. Referrals to community resources, such as nutritionists, physical activity programs, and mental health services, should be made based on the individual needs and preferences of the vulnerable population. It is essential to ensure that these referrals are accessible, affordable, and appropriate for the specific context. Additionally, follow-up care is necessary to monitor progress, address challenges, and provide ongoing support to individuals and their families.

Conclusion

Addressing health disparities among vulnerable populations requires a multidimensional approach that addresses the social, environmental, and economic determinants of health. This paper has highlighted the importance of utilizing evidence-based practice to guide the implementation of health technology, community resources, screening, outreach, referral, and follow-up strategies in improving health outcomes among low-income African American children in an urban neighborhood. By leveraging EBP, healthcare providers and community stakeholders can work collaboratively to reduce health disparities and promote health equity in vulnerable populations.