HA4300D – Healthcare Management and Supervision Discussion 01.2: Management Theories & Applications Research the Internet to identify various theories of management. Discuss how you have observed or experienced at least one of those theories being applied by managers in the workplace – specifically, in a health care setting, if possible. Make sure to provide plausible examples of how desired outcomes were achieved or were not achieved using the highlighted theory. Umiker’s Management Skills for the New Health Care Supervisor–Vitalsource #magicMAN61

Introduction

Management theories play a crucial role in guiding and informing the practices of managers in organizations across various sectors, including healthcare. These theories provide frameworks and concepts that help managers make effective decisions, motivate employees, and ultimately achieve desirable outcomes. In this discussion, we will explore various theories of management and discuss how one of these theories has been applied in a healthcare setting.

Theories of Management

There are several well-known theories of management, each with its own set of concepts and principles. Some of the prominent ones include scientific management, administrative management, behavioral management, and contingency management.

Scientific management, introduced by Frederick Taylor, emphasizes the use of scientific methods to determine the most efficient way of performing a task. This theory focuses on breaking down tasks into smaller, simpler components and designing processes and systems to maximize efficiency and productivity. It is often applied in manufacturing settings, where repetitive tasks can be streamlined and standardized to achieve higher outputs.

Administrative management, popularized by Henri Fayol, focuses on the principles of planning, organizing, commanding, coordinating, and controlling as the key functions of management. It provides a framework for structuring organizations and establishing clear lines of authority, communication, and responsibility. This theory is applicable in various sectors, including healthcare, where managers need to establish roles, responsibilities, and communication channels to ensure effective coordination and control.

Behavioral management, developed by theorists such as Elton Mayo and Douglas McGregor, emphasizes the importance of understanding individual and group behavior in the workplace. It acknowledges that employees are not merely machines but are driven by social and psychological factors. This theory highlights the significance of employee motivation, job satisfaction, and effective communication in achieving organizational goals.

Contingency management, also known as situational management, recognizes that there is no one-size-fits-all approach to management. It suggests that managers should adapt their leadership style and management practices based on the specific circumstances and context of a situation. This theory emphasizes the need for flexibility and responsiveness in decision-making and problem-solving.

Application of Management Theories in Healthcare Settings

In healthcare, managers face unique challenges due to the complexity of the industry and the critical nature of the services being provided. To effectively navigate these challenges, managers often apply a combination of management theories, tailoring their approach to the specific needs and characteristics of the healthcare setting. One theory that is commonly observed and experienced in healthcare management is the contingency management theory.

In the healthcare setting, managers often encounter ever-changing circumstances, unpredictable events, and varying needs of patients and staff. Contingency management theory recognizes this dynamic nature of healthcare and suggests that managers should adapt their management style and practices accordingly. For example, in a hospital emergency department, managers may need to adopt a more autocratic and directive leadership style during high-stress situations, such as a mass casualty incident, to ensure swift decision-making and effective coordination…

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