Graham, G. (2014). Population-based approaches to understanding disparities in cardiovascular disease risk in the United States. (1), 393-400. Retrieved from 2- Saab, K., Kendrick, J., Yracheta, J., & Lanaspa, M. (2015). New insights on the risk for cardiovascular disease in African Americans: The role of added sugars. (2), 247-257. Retrieved from 3-Sharma, A., Colvin-Adams, M., & Yancy, C. (2014). Heart failure in African Americans: Disparities can be overcome. (5), 301-311. Retrieved from

The three articles provided offer valuable insights into the disparities in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk among different populations, with a particular focus on African Americans. They explore various factors that contribute to these disparities and suggest strategies for overcoming them. In this assignment, I will provide a brief summary of each article and discuss the key findings.

The first article by Graham (2014) reviews population-based approaches to understanding disparities in CVD risk in the United States. The author discusses the significant differences in CVD prevalence among different racial and ethnic groups, with African Americans being disproportionately impacted by the disease. The article highlights the importance of taking into account social determinants of health, such as socioeconomic status, education level, and access to healthcare, in understanding these disparities. It also emphasizes the value of community-based interventions and policies aimed at addressing the root causes of these disparities and improving overall cardiovascular health.

The second article by Saab et al. (2015) focuses on the role of added sugars in increasing the risk of CVD among African Americans. The authors argue that high consumption of added sugars, particularly in the form of sugar-sweetened beverages, contributes to the higher rates of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular complications in this population. They present evidence from various studies supporting this claim and discuss the underlying biological mechanisms linking sugar intake to CVD risk. The article suggests that reducing the intake of added sugars through public health interventions and policies could help alleviate the burden of CVD among African Americans.

The third article by Sharma et al. (2014) addresses the disparities in heart failure among African Americans. The authors discuss the complex interplay of genetic, physiological, and socioeconomic factors that contribute to the higher prevalence of heart failure in this population. They argue that a comprehensive approach to managing heart failure in African Americans should include tailored medical therapies, increased access to healthcare, targeted education and lifestyle interventions, and culturally appropriate care. The article provides an overview of the ongoing efforts to overcome these disparities and improve outcomes for African American heart failure patients.

In summary, these articles shed light on the disparities in CVD risk among African Americans and provide insights into the factors contributing to these disparities. They emphasize the importance of understanding the social determinants of health, addressing lifestyle factors such as added sugar consumption, and implementing targeted interventions to improve cardiovascular health outcomes in this population. These findings have significant implications for public health efforts aimed at reducing CVD disparities and improving overall cardiovascular health in the United States.