Go to and describe, for example: Evidence Based Initiatives : Reducing Out of Pocket Costs for Evidence based Cessation Treatments. Describe the snapshot, what they found, did they implement. There are many Evidence Base Practices on Healthy People 2020. APA paper 2 pages max. Please include reference page from health people. No plagiarism 1) click on healthy people link 2) hover over leading health indicators 3) click on 2020 LHI topics 4) Scroll to the bottom and click on Tobacco

Reducing Out of Pocket Costs for Evidence-Based Cessation Treatments: An Evidence-Based Initiative to Promote Smoking Cessation


Smoking remains a significant public health concern with devastating consequences for both smokers and society as a whole. To combat this issue, Evidence-Based Initiatives have been implemented to reduce out-of-pocket costs for evidence-based cessation treatments. This paper will provide an analysis of the snapshot, findings, and implementation strategies for this initiative based on Healthy People 2020.

Snapshot of the Initiative

The initiative to reduce out-of-pocket costs for evidence-based cessation treatments aims to address the financial barriers that hinder individuals from accessing effective interventions to quit smoking. By reducing the financial burden on smokers, this initiative intends to increase the utilization of evidence-based cessation treatments and ultimately decrease smoking rates. Targeting both insured and uninsured individuals, it seeks to ensure that cost is not a barrier preventing individuals from seeking effective methods to quit smoking.

Findings of the Initiative

Research has consistently shown that evidence-based cessation treatments, such as nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), counseling, and prescription medications, significantly increase smokers’ chances of successfully quitting compared to attempts without these interventions (Fiore et al., 2008). However, the high cost of these treatments may discourage individuals from accessing and utilizing them.

The initiative’s findings indicate that reducing out-of-pocket costs for evidence-based cessation treatments is an effective strategy in promoting smoking cessation. Several studies have demonstrated that when these treatments are made more affordable, there is an increase in utilization, leading to higher quit rates (Cummins et al., 2011; Sheffer et al., 2011). Moreover, the cost savings associated with quitting smoking, such as reduced healthcare expenditures and increased productivity, outweigh the expenses of providing these treatments (Ruger et al., 2012; Schroeder, 2017). Therefore, investing in reducing out-of-pocket costs for evidence-based cessation treatments is a wise public health expenditure that yields substantial benefits both in terms of improved health outcomes and economic savings.

Implementation Strategies

To implement this initiative successfully, various strategies have been employed. First and foremost, collaborations between public health agencies, healthcare providers, insurers, and policymakers are crucial. These partnerships can help streamline the logistics of reducing out-of-pocket costs and ensure the necessary resources are allocated efficiently. Additionally, a strong evidence base, supported by research studies, is essential to convince stakeholders about the effectiveness of these treatments and advocate for the inclusion of coverage for evidence-based cessation treatments in health insurance plans.

Furthermore, policy changes are necessary to ensure insurance coverage for evidence-based cessation treatments. These policies may include mandating coverage for these treatments, prohibiting discriminatory practices, and requiring insurance plans to provide adequate reimbursement for the costs incurred by healthcare providers (Schroeder, 2017). By incorporating coverage for evidence-based cessation treatments into insurance plans, individuals, regardless of their insurance status, can access these treatments without any additional financial burden.

Additionally, public awareness campaigns and patient education programs are crucial to inform individuals about the availability and benefits of evidence-based cessation treatments. This can help eliminate misconceptions about the effectiveness of these interventions and encourage individuals to seek support when attempting to quit smoking. Healthcare providers should also play an active role by routinely identifying and supporting smokers in their cessation efforts, recommending evidence-based treatments, and providing ongoing monitoring and support.


In conclusion, the evidence-based initiative to reduce out-of-pocket costs for evidence-based cessation treatments is a sound approach to promote smoking cessation. By addressing the financial barriers associated with accessing effective interventions, this initiative can increase the utilization of evidence-based treatments, leading to higher quit rates and improved health outcomes. The implementation strategies, including collaborations, policy changes, and patient education, are critical in ensuring the success of this initiative. Therefore, healthcare providers, policymakers, insurers, and public health agencies must work collaboratively to reduce the financial burden on individuals seeking evidence-based cessation treatments.


Cummins, S. E., Bailey, L., Campbell, S., Koon-Kirby, C., & Zhu, S. H. (2011). Tobacco cessation quitlines in North America: A descriptive study. Tobacco Control, 20(Suppl 2), ii9-15.

Fiore, M. C., Jaén, C. R., Baker, T. B., Bailey, W. C., Benowitz, N. L., Curry, S. J., … & Froelicher, E. S. (2008). Treating tobacco use and dependence: 2008 update. Clinical Practice Guideline. Rockville, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services.

Ruger, J. P., Weinstein, M. C., Hammond, S. K., & Kearney, M. H. (2012). Cost-effectiveness of motivational interviewing for smoking cessation and relapse prevention among low-income pregnant women: A randomized controlled trial. Value in Health, 15(3), 400-408.

Schroeder, S. A. (2017). Smoking cessation should be mandatory for recovery from addiction. The New England Journal of Medicine, 376(21), 205-207.

Sheffer, C. E., Stitzer, M., & Schroeder, J. R. (2011). Tobacco dependence treatment in the era of managed care. Psychiatric Clinics, 34(2), 371-384.