For this discussion, in three to four paragraphs, contrast two nursing models and theories found in your reading. Discuss how they are similar or different in the way the define/discuss health and wellness, illness, the client, the environment, and nursing. Summarize by selecting the one model or theory that aligns best with your beliefs and then describe how this would affect the way in which you would practice nursing. please use the following nursing model names: Roy adoption model and Imogene King

In the field of nursing, various models and theories have been developed over time to guide practice and provide a framework for understanding the complexities of healthcare. Two prominent nursing models to be contrasted in this discussion are the Roy Adaptation Model and the Imogene King’s Theory of Goal Attainment. While both models aim to guide nurses in providing quality care to individuals, they differ in their approach to defining health and wellness, illness, the client, the environment, and nursing.

The Roy Adaptation Model, developed by Sister Callista Roy, emphasizes the concept of adaptation in response to stressors. According to this model, health is defined as a state of adaptation that allows individuals to maintain their optimal level of functioning. Wellness is seen as the result of successful adaptation, whereas illness is seen as a failure to adapt. The client is viewed as a holistic being who is constantly interacting with their environment, and nursing is the process of assisting individuals in adapting to their ever-changing environment.

On the other hand, Imogene King’s Theory of Goal Attainment centers on the concept of a mutually beneficial nurse-client relationship. In this theory, health is defined as the ability to function in one’s roles and achieve one’s goals. Wellness is seen as the successful attainment of those goals, while illness is the inability to achieve them. The client is considered an individual who seeks to achieve their goals but may face barriers that require nursing intervention. Nursing, in this theory, is the process of facilitating goal attainment and enhancing the client’s overall well-being.

Although both models share a focus on maintaining or enhancing the client’s functioning, there are notable differences in their perspectives. The Roy Adaptation Model emphasizes the role of adaptation and response to stressors, while King’s Theory of Goal Attainment emphasizes the importance of goal achievement. Another distinction lies in the definition of health and wellness. Roy’s model sees health as adaptation, whereas King’s theory views health as the ability to function in one’s roles and achieve goals.

Furthermore, the client is conceptualized differently in each model. Roy’s model views the client as a holistic being adapting to their environment, while King’s theory portrays the client as an individual seeking to achieve their goals despite potential barriers. Additionally, the environment is seen as a significant factor within both models, but their perspectives differ. Roy’s model emphasizes the client’s interaction with the environment, while King’s theory focuses on the nurse-client relationship and the impact of the environment on goal attainment.

Considering these differing perspectives, I find that the Roy Adaptation Model aligns best with my beliefs about nursing practice. As a nurse, I believe that adaptation is a vital aspect of health and well-being. The ability to adapt to stressors and maintain functioning is crucial for individuals to achieve their optimal level of health. By using the Roy Adaptation Model, I would approach nursing practice by prioritizing the assessment of the client’s adaptive responses to various stressors and developing interventions to promote successful adaptation.

In practice, this would involve assessing the client’s physical, psychological, and social well-being and identifying any challenges they face in adapting to their environment. It would also involve developing and implementing individualized care plans that focus on enhancing the client’s adaptive responses and promoting their overall well-being. By utilizing this model, I would aim to provide holistic care that addresses the client’s adaptive needs and supports their ability to maintain or attain optimal health and wellness.

To conclude, the Roy Adaptation Model and King’s Theory of Goal Attainment provide different perspectives on nursing care. By contrasting these two models, it becomes apparent that they have diverse views on health and wellness, illness, the client, the environment, and nursing. While both models aim to guide nursing practice, the Roy Adaptation Model aligns best with my beliefs and would shape the way I approach nursing by emphasizing the importance of adaptation and promoting the client’s overall well-being through adaptive responses.