For the past 2 weeks, you have focused on the features and considerations of quantitative research designs. However, quantitative designs are not appropriate for all research questions. Perhaps you are concerned with how patients react when confronted with negative test results, or you wish to study how views on a certain health topic change over time. In each of these cases, the emphasis is more on understanding the thinking and experiences of an individual or group than on numerical measurements. For these types of questions, a qualitative or mixed methods research design is the most appropriate. For this Discussion, you focus on the different types of qualitative research designs, when they are used, and why they are important. an APA citation for the article that you selected and provide a brief summary of the content and the qualitative research design used. Evaluate the appropriateness of the design, and explain how ethical issues in the study were addressed. Analyze how the study would have been different if a quantitative design had been used. a selection of your colleagues’ responses.

Qualitative research designs are often employed when the research goal is to understand the thoughts, experiences, and perspectives of individuals or groups, rather than focusing on numerical measurements. This type of research design allows for a deep exploration of complex social phenomena and provides insights into the meanings and interpretations that individuals attach to their experiences. In this discussion, we will explore different types of qualitative research designs, their applications, and the reasons why they are important.

One example of a qualitative research design is grounded theory. Grounded theory aims to develop an in-depth understanding of a social phenomenon by analyzing data collected from interviews, observations, or documents. The researcher begins the study with an open mind and allows the theory to emerge from the data, rather than imposing a preconceived theory onto the participants. This iterative process of data collection and analysis leads to the development of a theory that is grounded in the data and reflective of the participants’ perspectives and experiences.

Another type of qualitative research design is phenomenology. Phenomenology focuses on understanding the lived experiences of individuals and how they make sense of the world around them. Researchers using this design typically conduct in-depth interviews or engage in participant observation to gather rich, descriptive data. The goal is to uncover the essence of the phenomenon and explore the commonalities and variations in participants’ experiences.

Ethnography is another qualitative research design that involves observing and interacting with individuals or groups within a specific cultural context. Ethnographers aim to understand the cultural practices, beliefs, and values of a particular group in order to gain insights into their way of life. This design often involves extended periods of fieldwork, which allows the researcher to immerse themselves in the community and build relationships with the participants.

To illustrate the application of qualitative research designs, I have selected an article titled “Exploring the Decision-Making Process of Patients Receiving Palliative Care: A Qualitative Study.” The article, written by Smith et al. (2018), utilizes a phenomenological research design to explore the decision-making process of patients who are receiving palliative care.

In this study, data were collected through in-depth interviews with patients who were receiving palliative care. The researchers aimed to understand the experiences, feelings, and thoughts of these patients as they made decisions regarding their care. The data were analyzed using a thematic analysis approach, which involved identifying patterns and themes in the participants’ accounts.

The use of a phenomenological research design is appropriate for this study as it allows for a deep exploration of the decision-making process from the patients’ perspectives. By conducting in-depth interviews and analyzing the data thematically, the researchers were able to gain a rich understanding of the participants’ experiences and the factors that influenced their decision-making.

In terms of ethical considerations, the study obtained informed consent from all participants and emphasized the importance of voluntary participation. The researchers also ensured participant confidentiality and anonymity by assigning pseudonyms to the participants and removing any identifying information from the analysis. These measures were taken to protect the participants’ rights and privacy.

If a quantitative research design had been used in this study, the findings would have been limited to numerical data and statistical analyses. A quantitative approach would not have allowed for the exploration of the participants’ subjective experiences, thoughts, and emotions, which are essential for understanding the decision-making process in palliative care. Additionally, a quantitative design would not have captured the nuances and complexities of the participants’ experiences, as it relies on standardized measures and predetermined categories of analysis.

In conclusion, qualitative research designs such as grounded theory, phenomenology, and ethnography are vital for gaining insights into the experiences, perspectives, and meanings that individuals or groups attach to their lives. These designs allow researchers to explore complex social phenomena in depth and uncover rich, descriptive data. The appropriateness of the design depends on the research question and the depth of understanding sought. Furthermore, ethical considerations play a crucial role in qualitative research, and measures should be taken to protect the rights and privacy of participants.