Discussion board questions: 500 word APA FORMAT 1.  Think about the ethical theories and approaches in this Chapter 4 and the moral conflicts you have experienced in the past.  Have you used one of these approaches to resolve a conflict?  Which theory or approach have you used? 2. Has there ever been a time when you have experienced the dilemma of having to make a choice that you know will affect the well-being of another individual? Have you ever experienced moral suffering?

1. Ethical theories and approaches are fundamental in guiding individuals in resolving moral conflicts. In this discussion, I will reflect on my personal experiences with moral conflicts and the application of ethical theories or approaches to resolve them.

Throughout my life, I have encountered various moral conflicts that required careful consideration and analysis to be resolved ethically. One example that comes to mind is a situation where I was confronted with the decision of whether to disclose confidential information about a colleague that could potentially damage their professional reputation. This dilemma posed a significant ethical challenge, as I had to balance my obligation to maintain confidentiality with the potential harm that could be caused to others.

In resolving this conflict, I found myself utilizing a deontological approach, particularly based on the principles of Kantian ethics. According to Kantian ethics, individuals have a moral duty to act in accordance with universalizable principles, regardless of the consequences. In this case, I recognized that maintaining confidentiality was an important ethical principle that I needed to uphold, as it promotes trust and respect in professional relationships. By choosing not to disclose the confidential information, I based my decision on the principle of treating others as ends in themselves, respecting their autonomy and dignity.

Additionally, I also acknowledged the competing ethical principle of non-maleficence, which emphasizes the avoidance of causing harm to others. By refraining from disclosing the information, I sought to prevent harm from befalling my colleague, as the potential damage to their professional reputation could have adverse consequences on their career and wellbeing.

Ultimately, by applying a deontological approach grounded in Kantian ethics, I was able to resolve the conflict in an ethically acceptable manner. This experience highlighted the importance of considering universal principles and duties when faced with moral conflicts, and the ethical responsibility we have to uphold them.

2. Making choices that impact the well-being of others is a common ethical dilemma that individuals frequently encounter in their personal and professional lives. I have personally experienced such dilemmas, and these instances have often led to moral suffering, whereby one experiences anguish and distress due to the conflicts between competing ethical considerations.

One particular situation comes to mind, where I had to make a decision that would have a direct and significant impact on the well-being of an individual. I was part of a hiring committee for a job position, and two candidates stood out as exceptional in terms of their qualifications and potential contributions. However, there was only one position available, which meant that selecting one candidate would result in the other individual being denied the opportunity.

This dilemma caused me profound moral suffering, as I found myself torn between recognizing the potential positive impact on the chosen candidate’s well-being and the disappointment and potential negative consequences for the other candidate. The conflicting ethical considerations were evident – promoting fairness and equal opportunity versus selecting the candidate who I believed would bring the most benefit to the organization.

Navigating this ethical dilemma required a careful evaluation of the principles and values involved. I reflected on the consequentialist approach, which focuses on the outcomes or consequences of actions. In this case, the consequentialist reasoning led me to consider the potential benefits and negative consequences of choosing a candidate based on their qualifications and potential contributions. Additionally, I also considered the principle of fairness and equal opportunity, aiming to ensure that the decision-making process was conducted in a just and equitable manner.

In the end, I made the decision based on a combination of factors, including the candidates’ qualifications, potential contributions, and considerations of fairness. While I recognized that the decision would inevitably impact the well-being of one individual, I aimed to ensure that the selection process was conducted in an ethically defensible manner. Despite my best efforts, the moral suffering stemming from the impact on the well-being of the disadvantaged candidate persisted, reflecting the reality of difficult ethical choices.