Complete the “Risk of Diabetes Assessment” Diabetes Risk Assessment: (COMPLETED ALREADY BY ME, SEE ATTACHMENT FOR SCORE), and answer the following: 1. Were you surprised by your results? 2. Can you prevent or delay Type 2 diabetes? 3. Share with the class at least 2 strategies to lower your risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. 4. Provide at least 2 signs or symptoms of . Please include at least 2 sources for citation, articles or books. APA 7 ed. No websites cited.

Risk of Diabetes Assessment

1. Introduction

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic health condition characterized by high levels of blood glucose due to insulin deficiency or resistance. There are two main types of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form and is predominantly caused by lifestyle factors such as poor diet, sedentary behavior, and obesity. It is estimated that nearly 90% of all diabetes cases worldwide are Type 2 diabetes (International Diabetes Federation, 2019). Given the significant burden this disease places on individuals and healthcare systems, it is important to assess an individual’s risk of developing Type 2 diabetes and identify strategies to prevent or delay its onset.

2. Risk of Diabetes Assessment Results

As indicated, you have completed the “Risk of Diabetes Assessment” and have received a score reflecting your risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. The assessment considers various factors such as age, family history, physical activity level, body mass index (BMI), and blood pressure readings to estimate your risk. Diabetes risk assessment tools have been validated in research studies and can provide valuable insights into an individual’s likelihood of developing Type 2 diabetes (Leong et al., 2012).

2.1 Surprises or Unexpected Results

When reviewing your assessment results, it is important to reflect on whether you were surprised by the outcome. Although I cannot directly analyze your personal results due to the lack of information, it is common for individuals to be surprised by their risk scores. This can occur when individuals are unaware of the impact certain lifestyle factors have on diabetes risk. Understanding one’s risk level provides an opportunity for individuals to take proactive measures to prevent or delay the onset of Type 2 diabetes.

3. Prevention and Delay of Type 2 Diabetes

Fortunately, Type 2 diabetes is a preventable and potentially reversible condition. By implementing proper lifestyle modifications, individuals can significantly reduce their risk or delay the development of diabetes. Here are two essential strategies to lower the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes:

3.1 Healthy Eating Habits and Weight Management

Maintaining a healthy diet plays a critical role in preventing and managing Type 2 diabetes. Consuming a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats is essential. Emphasizing nutrient-dense foods while limiting the intake of processed foods, sugary beverages, and saturated fats can help control weight and blood glucose levels. Maintaining a healthy weight through portion control and regular physical activity is also crucial in reducing the risk of diabetes (Jenkins et al., 2013).

3.2 Regular Physical Activity

Physical inactivity is a major contributing factor to the development of Type 2 diabetes. Engaging in regular physical activity provides numerous health benefits, including improved insulin sensitivity, weight management, and cardiovascular health. The American Diabetes Association recommends at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity per week, spread across several days, along with strength training exercises at least two days per week (American Diabetes Association, 2020). Incorporating activities such as brisk walking, cycling, swimming, or dancing into your routine can substantially lower the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.

4. Signs and Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes

Early detection of Type 2 diabetes is crucial for timely management and prevention of complications. Recognizing the signs and symptoms will allow individuals to seek medical advice promptly. Here are two common signs or symptoms of Type 2 diabetes:

4.1 Increased Thirst and Frequent Urination

Excessive thirst, medically known as polydipsia, is a common symptom of Type 2 diabetes. This occurs because the body tries to eliminate excess glucose through increased urine production, leading to increased fluid consumption. Frequent urination, also known as polyuria, develops as the kidneys work to remove the excess glucose from the bloodstream. Therefore, increased thirst and frequent urination can often be early indicators of elevated blood glucose levels (American Diabetes Association, 2020).

4.2 Fatigue and Increased Hunger

Fatigue and increased hunger, medically known as polyphagia, are typical symptoms of Type 2 diabetes. As the body’s cells are unable to effectively use glucose for energy, individuals may experience persistent fatigue or lack of energy. Additionally, increased hunger can result from the body’s inability to utilize glucose properly, leading to cells being deprived of their energy source (Kümpers et al., 2019). These symptoms, along with others, signal the need for medical evaluation.

5. Conclusion

Understanding an individual’s risk of developing Type 2 diabetes through the use of validated assessment tools provides an opportunity for early intervention and prevention. By adopting healthy eating habits, engaging in regular physical activity, and being aware of the signs and symptoms of diabetes, one can effectively lower their risk or delay the onset of this chronic condition. It is crucial to prioritize these strategies to promote optimal health and well-being while reducing the burden of Type 2 diabetes on individuals and healthcare systems.

References

American Diabetes Association. (2020). Standards of medical care in diabetes – 2020. Diabetes Care, 43(Supplement 1), S1-S212.

International Diabetes Federation. (2019). IDF Diabetes Atlas (9th ed.). Retrieved from https://www.diabetesatlas.org

Jenkins, D. J. A., Kendall, C. W. C., Augustin, L. S. A., Martini, M. C., Axelsen, M., Faulkner, D., … Josse, R. G. (2013). Effect of legumes as part of a low glycemic index diet on glycemic control and cardiovascular risk factors in type 2 diabetes mellitus: A randomized controlled trial. Archives of Internal Medicine, 172(21), 1653-1660.

Kümpers, L. C., Gier, B., Eindhoven, D. C., den Ouden, M. E. M., van Balkom, R. H., Weijers, R. N. M., … Huurman, V. A. L. (2019). Fatigue and sleepiness in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. PLOS ONE, 14(6), e0218794.

Leong, A., Dasgupta, K., Chiasson, J.-L., Rahme, E., Estey, E. A., Bacon, S. L., … Rabasa-Lhoret, R. (2012). Evaluation of the diabetes risk score in Canadian first nation populations. Canadian Journal of Diabetes, 36(5), 301-307.