Clinical case to work on the analysis and establish the differential diagnoses : 1. Work on the assigned case. Case information is included. (See attachment) 2. Use the form: ” ” (included) to work in your analysis. This form guides step by step the establishment of differential diagnoses as discussed previously. 3. Complete the analysis following all the steps on the working sheet. 4. Prepare a short PPT of your case study for discussion . Use your creativity.

Clinical Case Analysis: Establishing Differential Diagnoses


The goal of this clinical case analysis is to establish differential diagnoses based on the given case information. The case involves a patient presenting with certain symptoms and findings that require a thorough analysis to determine the potential underlying conditions. The analysis will be conducted using a step-by-step approach, guided by the provided form, to systematically consider the possible diagnoses. Finally, the findings and conclusions from the analysis will be summarized in a short PowerPoint presentation for further discussion.

Case Information:

The attached case provides detailed information about a patient, including their age, gender, medical history, chief complaint, presenting symptoms, physical examination findings, and any other relevant clinical data. Carefully reviewing this case is essential before proceeding with the analysis.

Analysis Steps:

The provided form serves as a guide to systematically analyze the case and establish differential diagnoses. It is crucial to follow each step mentioned in the form to ensure a comprehensive and organized analysis. Here is an overview of the steps involved:

1. Review the Chief Complaint: Start by understanding the patient’s primary reason for seeking medical attention. This will provide an initial clue about the potential diagnosis.

2. Evaluate Presenting Symptoms: Go through the list of symptoms the patient is experiencing and consider their relevance to different organ systems or disease processes. Analyze the temporal sequence and severity of the symptoms to identify patterns or potential causes.

3. Assess the Medical History: Investigate the patient’s past medical history to identify any pre-existing conditions or significant events that might be related to the current presentation. This includes chronic diseases, surgeries, medications, allergies, and family history.

4. Analyze Physical Examination Findings: Review the detailed physical examination findings provided in the case. Pay attention to abnormalities and their potential correlation with the presenting symptoms. Take note of any diagnostic tests or laboratory results that might aid in the analysis.

5. Consider Differential Diagnoses: Based on the information gathered from steps 1-4, generate a list of potential differential diagnoses. These should be ranked in order of likelihood based on clinical judgment and the available evidence.

6. Evaluate Diagnostic Tests: Assess the diagnostic tests that can help confirm or rule out each potential diagnosis in the differential list. Consider the test’s sensitivity, specificity, and availability.

7. Refine the Differential Diagnoses: Use the results of the diagnostic tests to refine the list of potential diagnoses. Eliminate unlikely possibilities and prioritize those that align with the test findings and clinical reasoning.

8. Discuss Treatment Options: Consider the appropriate treatment options for the refined list of potential diagnoses. Based on the patient’s specific presentation, select the most suitable course of action in terms of medications, procedures, or lifestyle modifications.

9. Finalize the Differential Diagnoses: After analyzing all the available information, including the results of diagnostic tests and possible treatment options, finalize the differential diagnoses. These should be presented in descending order of likelihood.

Preparation of PPT:

To summarize the case study and facilitate further discussion, a short PowerPoint presentation should be prepared. The presentation should highlight the key findings of the analysis, including the differential diagnoses, supporting evidence, and proposed treatment options. In addition, creativity should be employed to make the presentation engaging and visually appealing.


This clinical case analysis aims to establish differential diagnoses based on a systematic approach using the provided form. By carefully reviewing the case, analyzing the symptoms, medical history, physical examination findings, and diagnostic tests, a list of potential diagnoses can be generated. The PowerPoint presentation will serve as a concise summary of the analysis, presenting the findings and potential next steps for further discussion and decision-making.