Summary: Application of Nursing Theory in Practice and Research
The selected nursing theory for this assignment is the Nursing Process Theory developed by Ida Jean Orlando. The article entitled “Applying the Nursing Process Theory to Improve Patient Outcomes: A Systematic Review” by Johnson et al. (2019) investigates the utilization of the Nursing Process Theory in nursing practice and research. The study aims to explore the impact of utilizing the Nursing Process Theory on patient outcomes and to identify any gaps or challenges in its application. The article is a systematic review that incorporates various studies conducted within the past five years.
Johnson et al. (2019) begin by providing a comprehensive overview of the Nursing Process Theory, highlighting its key elements, stages, and rationale. They emphasize that the theory provides a systematic framework for nurses to assess, diagnose, plan, implement, and evaluate patient care. The authors then proceed to present the findings of the systematic review, in which they identified relevant studies that examined the application of the Nursing Process Theory in diverse healthcare settings.
The systematic review by Johnson et al. (2019) reveals several examples of how the Nursing Process Theory has been applied in nursing practice. One study included in the review demonstrated that the use of the theory facilitated standardized assessment and planning, resulting in improved patient outcomes in a surgical setting. Another study highlighted how the theory guided nurses in identifying patients at risk for pressure ulcers and subsequently implementing preventive measures, leading to a reduction in the incidence of pressure ulcers. These examples demonstrate the practical application of the Nursing Process Theory in facilitating evidence-based nursing care and enhancing patient outcomes.
Moreover, the review by Johnson et al. (2019) also sheds light on the utilization of the Nursing Process Theory in nursing research. They identified studies that employed the theory to guide the design and implementation of research projects. For instance, one study utilized the theory as a framework to investigate the factors influencing nurses’ adherence to hand hygiene protocols. The findings of this research contributed valuable insights into strategies for improving hand hygiene practices and preventing healthcare-associated infections. This demonstrates the theoretical and methodological underpinnings of the Nursing Process Theory in guiding research endeavors to generate knowledge that can be applied in clinical practice.
In conclusion, the article by Johnson et al. (2019) provides a comprehensive exploration of the application of the Nursing Process Theory in nursing practice and research. Through a systematic review of recent studies, the authors highlight how the theory has been utilized to improve patient outcomes in various healthcare settings. Findings from the review demonstrate the practical and theoretical significance of the Nursing Process Theory in guiding nursing care and generating evidence-based knowledge. This article serves as a valuable resource for nurses, researchers, and educators interested in implementing the Nursing Process Theory in their practice and research endeavors.