Books Required Nursing Research: Studying A Study & Testing A Test, 6 th Edition, Reading Evidence – Based Health Research. Author: Richard K. Riegelman, MD, MPH, PhD; Michael L. Rinke, MD, PhD. ISBN: 978-0-7817-7426-0 Publisher: Wolters Kluwer / Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, (2013) Week 3 Assignment: Write a 500-word paper using APA Format Assignment: A decision-making investigation often requires the investigator to do the following. List these FOUR investigations from your textbook and explain each one. Purchase the answer to view it

A decision-making investigation in nursing research oftentimes requires the investigator to engage in several key components. These components aim to provide a comprehensive understanding of the research question, as well as guide the decision-making process. In “Nursing Research: Studying A Study & Testing A Test” and “Reading Evidence-Based Health Research” by Richard K. Riegelman, MD, MPH, PhD, and Michael L. Rinke, MD, PhD, there are four main investigations discussed that are crucial to decision-making in nursing research. These investigations include quantitative research, qualitative research, mixed methods research, and systematic reviews/meta-analyses.

Quantitative research is a systematic and structured approach that involves the collection and analysis of numerical data. This investigation aims to test hypotheses and examine cause-and-effect relationships. Using statistical methods, quantitative research allows researchers to make generalizations about a population based on the findings from a sample. This type of investigation often utilizes instruments such as surveys, questionnaires, and experimental designs to collect data. The emphasis is on objective measures, and data are typically analyzed using statistical techniques to determine patterns and relationships. Quantitative research provides a solid foundation for evidence-based practice by providing empirical evidence to support clinical decisions.

Qualitative research, on the other hand, focuses on exploring and understanding the subjective experiences and meanings of individuals. It aims to gain an in-depth understanding of phenomena through the collection and analysis of non-numerical data. Qualitative research is often conducted in natural settings, such as interviews, focus groups, or observations. The researcher utilizes open-ended questions and allows participants to share their experiences and perspectives. The analysis process involves identifying themes and patterns within the data, which can provide valuable insights for decision-making. Qualitative research plays a crucial role in understanding complex social and cultural factors that influence health and healthcare.

Mixed methods research combines both quantitative and qualitative methods to provide a comprehensive understanding of a research question. This investigation recognizes the importance of utilizing multiple perspectives and approaches to gain a more holistic understanding of a phenomenon. The researcher collects and analyzes both numerical and non-numerical data, using a combination of statistical analyses and qualitative methods. By integrating quantitative and qualitative data, mixed methods research generates a more complete picture of the research question and can provide valuable insights for decision-making. This approach is especially useful when exploring complex healthcare issues or evaluating the effectiveness of interventions.

Systematic reviews and meta-analyses are investigations that aim to synthesize existing research evidence on a specific topic. A systematic review involves a comprehensive and structured search of the literature, followed by a rigorous evaluation and synthesis of the findings. The goal is to summarize the available evidence and provide a critical appraisal of the quality and validity of the studies. Meta-analysis, on the other hand, takes the process one step further by quantitatively combining the results of multiple studies using statistical methods. This allows for a more precise estimation of the effect size and enhances the generalizability of the findings. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses are essential for evidence-based practice as they provide a higher level of evidence and can guide decision-making based on the collective findings of multiple studies.

In summary, the four investigations discussed in the textbook are quantitative research, qualitative research, mixed methods research, and systematic reviews/meta-analyses. Each investigation offers unique insights and methods for examining research questions in nursing. The choice of investigation will depend on the nature of the research question and the desired outcomes. By using these investigations, researchers can gather comprehensive evidence to support decision-making in nursing research.