Based on “Case Study: Fetal Abnormality” and other required topic study materials, write a 750-1,000-word reflection that answers the following questions: Remember to support your responses with the topic study materials. While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. Purchase the answer to view it

Reflection on Case Study: Fetal Abnormality

Introduction:
The purpose of this reflection is to critically analyze the case study on fetal abnormality and discuss the ethical issues surrounding the decision-making process. This case study is a complex scenario that involves individuals with varying perspectives and values. To fully comprehend the ethical considerations, it is essential to fully explore the relevant topics and literature associated with medical ethics and the right to life. This reflection will address the questions posed in the assignment prompt, utilizing the required topic study materials to provide a robust analysis.

Question 1: What is the Christian view of the nature of human persons, and which theory of moral status is it compatible with?
In the Christian perspective, human persons are considered to be made in the image of God, possessing intrinsic value and dignity. This view is compatible with the theory of moral status known as the sanctity of life, which suggests that all human beings have inherent worth and should be protected and valued. According to this perspective, life begins at conception, and therefore, every unborn child is considered a person deserving of protection.

Question 2: Which theory or theories are being used by Jessica, Marco, Maria, and Dr. Wilson to determine the moral status of the fetus?
Different individuals in the case study employ distinct theories to determine the moral status of the fetus. Jessica, the mother, initially holds a utilitarian perspective, emphasizing the weighing of costs and benefits. She considers the impact on her other children, the interference with her career, and the financial strain of raising a child with significant health issues. Marco, the father, also initially follows a utilitarian approach, focusing on the potential hardships and burdens associated with raising a child with the severe health condition described. Maria, Jessica’s friend, adopts a relativistic perspective, suggesting that the decision should be based on personal values and circumstances. Finally, Dr. Wilson, the physician, bases his consideration on the theory of moral relativism, implying that the moral status of the fetus is subjective and open to interpretation.

Question 3: How does the theory determine or influence each of their recommendations for action?
The employed theories significantly influence the recommendations for action made by each individual. Jessica initially contemplates the termination of her pregnancy due to the potential burdens and challenges that raising a child with the described condition would pose. Marco, driven by similar concerns, also supports the idea of termination. Maria, on the other hand, emphasizes the subjective nature of the decision and underscores the importance of personal values and circumstances. Lastly, Dr. Wilson, operating from a relativistic standpoint, provides a spectrum of possibilities for Jessica and Marco to consider, presenting them with information enabling them to make an informed decision.

Question 4: How would each theory determine or influence the nurse’s response to the patient request for the termination of the pregnancy?
From a Christian perspective, the nurse would be called to protect and advocate for the unborn child, given the belief in the sanctity of life. Upholding the theory of moral status aligned with the Christian view, the nurse would not support the termination of the pregnancy. From a utilitarian standpoint, the nurse may initially understand the reasoning behind Jessica’s request and seek to alleviate her distress by offering alternative options. However, the sanctity of life perspective may eventually influence the nurse to advocate for the continuation of the pregnancy. The nurse’s response may also be influenced by her personal beliefs and values towards the moral status of the fetus.

Question 5: How might the scenario change if Jessica is 14 years old and impregnated by her 16-year-old boyfriend?
If Jessica is a minor impregnated by her teenage boyfriend, several aspects of the scenario would be altered. Firstly, legal considerations would come into play regarding the reproductive rights and decision-making ability of minors. The nursing staff and healthcare providers would be obliged to adhere to the legal requirements in obtaining informed consent or involving parents or legal guardians in the decision-making process. Additionally, ethical and moral issues concerning the autonomy, maturity, and well-being of the pregnant minor would arise, potentially complicating the decision-making process further. The involvement of mental health professionals may be necessary in this scenario to ensure that Jessica’s rights and best interests are protected.