Based on “Case Study: Fetal Abnormality” and other required topic study materials, write a 750-1,000-word reflection that answers the following questions: Remember to support your responses with the topic of study materials. While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. Purchase the answer to view it

Reflecting on the case study “Fetal Abnormality” and other relevant study materials, this reflection will address the following questions:

1. What is the underlying moral issue in the case study?
2. What ethical theory or theories are being applied in this case?
3. If Mary continues with the pregnancy, what are the potential risks and benefits for her own health and well-being?
4. What is the morally and ethically right thing for Mary to do in this situation?

1. The underlying moral issue in the case study is the decision that Mary, a woman carrying a fetus with a severe defect, faces regarding whether to continue the pregnancy or pursue an abortion. The dilemma arises as the fetus has been diagnosed with anencephaly, a condition where parts of the brain and skull do not develop. This condition is fatal, and the fetus will not survive beyond a very short period after birth. Mary and her husband are confronted with the difficult decision of what course of action to take.

2. Several ethical theories can be applied to analyze the decision-making process in this case. One theory that could be relevant is consequentialism, specifically utilitarianism. Utilitarianism focuses on maximizing overall well-being and happiness. In this case, a utilitarian approach could argue that Mary should consider the potential consequences of continuing the pregnancy or choosing an abortion for herself, her husband, and their family. It would involve weighing the emotional, physical, and financial costs and benefits of each option and making a decision that would lead to the most overall happiness.

Another ethical theory that could be applied is deontology, specifically Kantian ethics. Kantian ethics emphasize the duty to adhere to moral rules and principles. In this case, the principle of autonomy could be applied, as it recognizes an individual’s right to make decisions about their own body and reproductive choices. Mary’s autonomy would support her right to make a decision about continuing the pregnancy or pursuing an abortion based on her own values and beliefs.

3. If Mary decides to continue the pregnancy, there are potential risks and benefits to consider for her own health and well-being. One potential benefit is the possibility of emotional fulfillment and a sense of completion by bringing the pregnancy to term. Mary may find solace and closure in knowing that she carried the pregnancy to the end, despite the tragic outcome. On the other hand, Mary would also face emotional distress, as carrying a fetus with such a severe abnormality can be emotionally draining and challenging. Additionally, there may be physical risks associated with the pregnancy, such as complications during labor and delivery.

If Mary chooses to pursue an abortion, potential benefits include avoiding emotional pain and distress associated with carrying a doomed pregnancy to full term. It may also alleviate any physical risks associated with the pregnancy. However, Mary might also experience a sense of guilt or loss, as the decision to terminate the pregnancy can be emotionally difficult. It is crucial to consider that the potential risks and benefits will vary for each individual, and it is important for Mary to evaluate her own personal circumstances and values.

4. Determining the morally and ethically right thing for Mary to do in this situation is a complex matter. There is no one-size-fits-all answer, as each person’s values and beliefs differ. Some may argue that the morally right thing for Mary to do is to continue with the pregnancy, as it reflects a respect for life and acknowledges the potential emotional benefits of carrying the pregnancy to term. Others may argue that the morally right thing for Mary to do is to choose an abortion, as it recognizes her autonomy and allows her to avoid unnecessary emotional and physical suffering.

Ultimately, the moral and ethical decision is deeply personal and dependent on Mary’s individual values, beliefs, and circumstances. It is important for Mary to carefully consider the potential risks and benefits, consult with healthcare professionals, and reflect on her own values in making this decision.

In conclusion, the case study “Fetal Abnormality” raises important moral and ethical questions surrounding the decision to continue a pregnancy when faced with a severe fetal abnormality. By analyzing the underlying moral issue, applying ethical theories, considering potential risks and benefits for Mary’s health and well-being, and exploring the morally and ethically right thing to do, we can gain a deeper understanding of the complexity of this decision-making process. It is essential to approach this topic with empathy and respect for individual autonomy, as every person’s circumstances and beliefs are unique.