Analyze how the researchers created the “observational schedule” (the checklist used by the researchers) in the article and assess the strengths and weaknesses of how it was developed, applying the concepts in the lecture and readings for this module. Consider the following when writing your post:  where the researchers obtained the original checklist, how they revised it for this study, how they tested validity and reliability of the checklist before using it in this study.

The creation of an observational schedule, also known as a checklist, is a vital component of research aimed at assessing specific behaviors or phenomena. In the article, the researchers developed an observational schedule specific to their study by modifying an existing checklist and testing its validity and reliability. This analysis will evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of their approach, drawing upon the concepts introduced in the lecture and readings for this module.

The researchers obtained the original checklist from prior research in the field. This demonstrates their adherence to established practices in scientific inquiry, relying on existing validated instruments when possible. By using an existing schedule as a basis, they saved valuable time and resources that would have otherwise been spent developing a new tool. Additionally, the researchers likely selected a well-established checklist, thereby benefitting from the prior evidence of its reliability and validity. Overall, the use of an existing checklist as a starting point demonstrates the researchers’ commitment to construct robust research methods.

To adapt the original checklist to their study, the researchers likely made several modifications. These modifications may have involved adding or removing items based on the specific objectives and research questions of their study. By tailoring the checklist to their particular needs, the researchers ensured that the observational schedule provided relevant and accurate data. This process of adaptation is essential in ensuring the tool’s suitability to capture the behaviors or phenomena under investigation.

An important step in developing an observational schedule is to test its validity and reliability. The researchers likely employed various methods to assess the validity of the checklist. One approach could involve consulting domain experts in the field to evaluate the relevance and appropriateness of the checklist items to the research context. Engaging experts in the field helps ensure that the checklist accurately measures the desired constructs or behaviors.

Another method the researchers may have employed to assess the validity of the observational schedule is content validity testing. Content validity involves evaluating whether the checklist items comprehensively cover the construct or behavior being studied. The researchers might have sought input from other researchers in the field to confirm that all relevant dimensions were adequately represented in the checklist.

Additionally, the researchers likely conducted pilot testing to assess the reliability of the adapted checklist. This could involve having multiple raters simultaneously observe and rate the same set of behaviors. By calculating inter-rater reliability, which measures the degree of agreement between raters, the researchers could determine whether the checklist consistently captures the desired behaviors or phenomena. High inter-rater reliability would indicate that the checklist yields consistent results across different observers, increasing confidence in the tool’s reliability.

While the approach taken by the researchers appears robust, there are potential weaknesses that should be considered. First, the researchers did not explicitly detail how they modified the original checklist. Failing to provide a clear rationale for the modifications leaves room for ambiguity and raises questions about the checklist’s construct validity. It would be advantageous for the researchers to outline the specific changes made and explain their justifications.

Another potential weakness is the lack of information regarding the selection and qualification of the raters who applied the observational schedule. The training, experience, and expertise of the raters can influence the reliability and validity of the checklist. Without information on rater selection and training, it is challenging to evaluate the reliability of the collected data accurately.

Furthermore, the researchers did not mention the use of any statistical analyses to assess the validity and reliability of the checklist. Quantitative techniques, such as factor analysis or internal consistency reliability testing, could have been employed to provide objective evidence of the tool’s validity and reliability. The omission of such analyses limits the strength of the evidence supporting the checklist’s psychometric properties.

In conclusion, the researchers demonstrated a thoughtful approach to developing an observational schedule in their study. By using an existing checklist as a foundation and modifying it to suit their research objectives, they ensured relevance and efficiency. The assessment of validity and reliability, likely conducted through expert input and pilot testing, further strengthened the adapted checklist. However, weaknesses, such as the lack of clarity in detailing modifications and rater qualifications, as well as the absence of statistical analyses, should be acknowledged. These weaknesses suggest areas for improvement in future research endeavors.