Step 1: Identification of Relevant Research Results
In order to identify a research result that supports your PICOT/PICo (Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome) question, it is crucial to search for and seek out relevant journal articles. Start by exploring databases such as PubMed, CINAHL, or other reputable sources that are specific to your field of study.
Step 2: Evaluating the Quality of the Research Result
Once you have found a potential journal article, it is essential to critically evaluate the quality of the research result. Look for articles that have undergone a rigorous peer-review process, have a clear methodology, and are from respected journals. Analyze the study design, sample size, validity, reliability, and relevance to ensure that the research result is of high quality and can be relied upon for evidence-based practice.
Step 3: Extraction and Synthesis of Relevant Information
After selecting an appropriate research result, extract and synthesize the relevant information. Identify key findings, data, statistics, and any other pertinent information that supports your PICOT/PICo question. This step requires careful reading and comprehension of the journal article to gather the necessary information accurately.
Step 4: Evaluation of the Strength of the Research Result
Next, evaluate the strength of the research result. Consider factors such as the study’s sample size, the magnitude of the reported effect, and the statistical significance. Assess the overall quality of the evidence and determine its relevance and applicability to your PICOT/PICo question.
Step 5: Integration of Research Result with Existing Knowledge
In this step, integrate the research result with existing knowledge in the field. Consider how the research result aligns with and contributes to the existing body of evidence. Determine whether the result confirms, contradicts, or adds to the current understanding of the topic. This synthesis of information ensures that the research result is considered in the broader context of knowledge.
Step 6: Identification of Practice Changes
Based on the research result and its integration with existing knowledge, identify potential practice changes. Consider how the findings can inform clinical practice, patient care, policy development, or future research. Evaluate the implications and determine the appropriate actions that can be taken based on the result.
Step 7: Sharing Knowledge with Relevant Stakeholders
The final step involves sharing the knowledge gained from the research result with relevant stakeholders. These stakeholders may include healthcare professionals, researchers, policy-makers, patients, or other individuals who can benefit from the evidence. Disseminate the findings through presentations, publications, or other means of communication to ensure that the knowledge reaches the intended audience.
In conclusion, using the steps outlined in the Practice Evidence Translation (PET) model developed by Johns Hopkins, you can select a research result reported in a journal article that supports your PICOT/PICo question. By identifying relevant research, evaluating its quality, extracting key information, and integrating it with existing knowledge, you can make informed decisions and identify potential practice changes. Finally, sharing the knowledge gained with relevant stakeholders ensures that the evidence is disseminated and used to improve patient care and outcomes.
Please find below the permalink to the selected journal article that supports the PICOT/PICo question:
[insert permalink here]