1. T F Some herbs may lower or raise blood pressure. 2. T F Originally, the term “herb” only applied to woody plants. 3. T F Drugs made from fungi
1. T F Some herbs may lower or raise blood pressure. 2. T F Originally, the term “herb” only applied to woody plants. 3. T F Drugs made from fungi cure diseases and stop the rejection of transplanted hearts and other organs. 4. T F Chi represents the vital energy of the body flowing along invisible energy channels. 5. T F Astringent herbs neutralize excess acid in the stomach. 6. T F Licensing presumes that an activity is forbidden until it is permitted through a license. 7. T F Monocots are characterized by theircotyledon. 8. T F Vata, Pitta, and Kapha are terms central to the study of Chinese Medicine 9. T F Dandelions are of one of the most common medicinal herbs that live with us in our neighborhoods. 10. T F Flavonoids aid in the body’s absorption and utilization of Vitamin C. 11. T F Good herbal medicine is an ongoing feedback process. 12. T F Most algae have roots stems, leaves or flowers. 13. T F ppocrates categorized all foods and herbs, along these same lines, by fundamental qualities: hot, cold, dry, or damp. 14. T F Vitamins C and E, the minerals selenium and germanium, superoxide dismutase (SOD), and Coenzyme Q10 are all considered free radicals. 15. T F A good fiber supplement can be used on a daily basis along with a healthy diet to maintain regularity 16. T F The stomach is composed of multiple regions: cardiac, fundic, body and pyloric. 17. T F Analgesic herbs relieve pain. 18. T F Epiphyte is a state of greatly reduced metabolism in which a plant or part of a plant is alive but not growing. 19. T F Skullcap is bitter in taste and cooling in action. It calms the nerves. 20. T F Connector nerve cells carry messages from the brain and spinal cord to the glands and muscles throughout the body. 21. T F Pistil is the male organ of a flowering plant. 22. T F Colon cancer is the #1 leading cancer killer in the United States today. 23. T F Glands are groups of cells, or organs that produce secretions for use elsewhere in the body, or in a body cavity or for elimination from the body. 24. T F Liniment is a tea made from boiling plant material, usually the bark, rhizomes, roots or other woody parts in water. 25. T F Fruits and berries should be harvested when ripe and not yet squishy. 26. T F The secretion of gastric juices is regulated by the neural and hormonal systems. 27. T F Ginseng is recommended for loss of appetite, insomnia, stress, exhaustion, environmental stress, concentration, overall health and recovery after illness. 28. T F Without a clean blood supply, normal cell renewal cannot take place. 29. T F The heart receives a dual blood supply from the hepatic artery and the portal vein, and is by far the most important metabolic and detoxification organ. 30. T F Cascara Sagrada is a safe herb to use during pregnancy for constipation. 31. T F Burdock root was traditionally used to treat cancer and cleanse the blood. 32. T F Myrrh gum has a very pale light color, reflecting its NOTES medicinal potency. 33. T F Sap from the trees is usually collected in the spring as it rises. 34. T F Antibiotics are medications that the body fight infection by neutralizing or destroying bacteria. 35. T F L-Carnitine can reduce fat and triglyceride levels in the blood. 36. T F Aloe Vera leaves are usually cut from 2-3 year old plants. 37. T F Cellulose is found in the inner layers of fruits and vegetables. 38. T F Chelation Therapy is a natural way of cleansing the arteries of plaque build-up. 39. T F Rosemary grows well in neutral to alkaline soil and in full sun. 40. T F Experts believe there is a definite link between the ability of the liver to detoxify and Parkinson’s disease, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Alzheimer’s disease, lupus and rheumatoid arthritis. 41. T F Spirulina and chlorella are high in chlorophyll and work as effective detoxification aids and energy boosters. 42. T F Candida albicans is a parasitic yeast-like fungus which thrives in cold-blooded animals. 43. T F Ephedra and Licorice are very effective in lowering blood pressure. 44. T F Black Cohosh and Don Quai may be useful in the treatment of menopause. 45. T F Detoxification is the process of reducing the body’s toxic build-up of various poisonous substances. 46. T F Candida can be sexually transmitted from one person to another. 47. T F Bromelain can be used with anticoagulant (blood thinning) medicines. 48. T F Feverfew is an effective remedy for migraine headaches. 49. T F Essential Fatty Acids can be manufactured by the body under the right conditions. 50. T F Boswellia Gum is often found in herbal arthritis remedies. 51. T F Herbology utilizes the healing power of herbs to stimulate the body’s own healing ability. 52. T F Studies have shown garlic extract and concentrated garlic oil to have similar or better effects than several pharmaceutical preparations with lower toxicity. 53. T F Nephritis is a general term for inflammation of the liver, which causes the filtration system to break down. 54. T F Hypoglycemia can cause or at least exacerbate ADD. 55. T F Goldenseal can be an effective remedy for the common cold and infections. 56. T F Margarine is considered a polyunsaturated fat. 57. T F Applied Kinesiology can determine health imbalances in the body’s organs and glands by identifying weaknesses in specific muscles. 58. T F Basil, Chamomile, Caraway, Catnip, and Cinnamon, are aromatic herbs. 59. T F Selenium is a non-essential mineral involved primarily in the neutralization of antioxidants. 60. T F Infected tonsils can be treated with Echinacea, Honeysuckle flower, Elderberry, Forsythia fruit, Isatis root, White sage, and Grapefruit Seed extract. 61. T F Green tea can be a soothing bedtime drink for babies suffering from insomnia. 62. T F The base for most salves is a mixture of a wax and a fixed oil. 63. T F People with diabetes should carefully monitor their blood glucose and may require reduction in standard anti-hyperglycemic agents when taking Milk Thistle. 64. T F Haemostatic herbs the nervous system, by NOTES strengthening, relaxing or stimulating it. 65. T F A hot foot bath should be of as high a temperature as can be tolerated, so as to redden the skin of the immersed parts effectively. 66. T F Ayurvedic Medicine categorizes herbs by looking at what kind of conditions can be treated with their . 67. T F St. John’s Wort should not be taken with prescription antidepressants or during pregnancy and lactation. 68. T F A liniment is a topical preparation that contains alcohol or oil and stimulating, warming herbs such as Cayenne. 69. T F White flour is made by stripping the grain of virtually all nutrient: fiber, vitamins, minerals, essential oils and even proteins to some extent. 70. T F Circulatory disorders and heart disease can be treated with Hawthorn. 71. T F Tonic herbs strengthen or invigorate organs or the entire organism. 72. T F The most suitable vessels for infusions are made of tinned iron or aluminum. 73. T F Turmeric should be avoided by persons with symptoms from gallstones. 74. T F Aloe Vera should be taken with Digoxin (a heart medication.) 75. T F Valerian may contribute to hyperactivity if mixed with barbiturates. 76. T F Glycerin is the sweet fraction of a fixed oil found in all true fats, except cholesterol. 77. T F Cold infusions are made using 1 part herb to 5 parts water. 78. T F Suppositories are a great way to administer herbs to children who can’t take them orally. 79. T F The absorption of Vitamin C is reduced by Aspirin. 80. T F Potassium-depleting diuretics, including loop diuretics, cause the body to lose potassium. 81. T F “Licensing” and “certification” are basically the same. 82. T F Some herbs, like valerian root, are best macerated rather than infused or decocted. 83. T F Wheat berries are whole grains that haven’t been processed in any way. 84. T F Syrups are made by combining refined sugar with infusions or decoctions. 85. T F Zinc combined with iron and Tetracycline antibiotics increases the absorption of zinc (and visa versa). 86. T F The goal of the herbalist is to release the volatile oils, flavones, antimicrobials, nutrients, aromatics and other healing substances an herb contains. 87. T F By the time we’re three years old, we lose the required enzymes to digest dairy products, especially milk. 88. T F Due to their high potassium content apples do not combine with heart drugs well and can lead to dangerous potassium build-up. 89. T F Beeswax is added to ointments to get a firm consistency. 90. T F Grinding herbs in a domestic grinder generates heat, which can cause chemical changes in the herbs. 91. T F Sugar consumption has not increased much in the past 200 years. 92. T F Wormwood is a uterine stimulant that may also cause birth defects. 93. T F The term vinegar is derived from French, meaning “sour wine”. 94. T F Tinctures are normally less concentrated than infusions or decoctions. 95. T F Compresses can be used to treat headaches, sore muscles, itchy skin and swollen glands. 96. T F Drinking too much water will lead to water retention. NOTES 97. T F Vegans should include a regular source of vitamin B-12 in their diets along with a source of vitamin D if sun exposure is limited. 98. T F A poultice will draw impurities from the body. 99. T F Steam inhalants are not recommended for conditions such as asthma, colds, and sinusitis. 100. T F Pharmacokinetic interactions refer to changes that occur as medicines move in and out of the body. Write the correct answer on the answer sheet provided 1. _______ is a parasitic yeast-like fungus which thrives in warmblooded animals. A Candida Albicans B Acidophilus C Whipworm 2. Spermatophytes are seed producing: A Mushrooms B Plants C Male animals 3. Ibuprofen may cause ________ and water retention. A Sodium B Iron C Potassium 4. The ________ is responsible for such vital functions as: regulating blood sugar, energy production as well as hormone production and regulation. A Gallbladder B Liver C Heart 5. Herbs that stimulate uterine contractions in order to induce labor are called: A Rubefacient B Stimulant C Parturients 6. The single biggest source of refined sugars in the American diet come from: A Carbonated drinks B Candy bars C Donuts 7. Diuretic herbs increase the secretion and elimination of: A Mucous B Urine C Feces 8. An herb that has a normalizing effect by correcting whatever is wrong within the body is called an: A Adaptogen B Emollient C Diuretic 9. ______ contains a chemical which protects the body from radiation exposure and heavy metal toxicity. A Kelp B Phenol C Fluoride 10. Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart are called: A Veins B Varicose veins C Arteries 11. The Chinese add garlic, onion, or ______ to oils before cooking meats to reduce toxicity. A Feverfew B Ginger C Lemon juice 12. Agents that block or slow oxidation, which produce free radicals are called : A Antioxidants B Antiviral C Antiseptic 13. ____________ is one of the most important heart tonics in Ayurvedic Medicine, used to treat all forms of heart disease. A Ashwagandha B Astralagus Root C Arjuna Bark 14. The process to extract the soluble constituents of a plant with the assistance of gravity is called: A Infusion B Percolation C Decoction 15. ________ are the least perishable portion of the plant. A Roots B Seeds C Barks 16. ___________ mostly effects people of European decent. A Celiac Disease B Lactose intolerance C Cancer 17. _____ are found in dark yet luminous blue, black red and violet fruits and vegetables. A Carotenoids B Flavonoids C Chlorophyll 18. If the label says ________, the preparation contains alcohol. A Salve B Tincture C Tea 19. The drug Clofibrate, has been reported to reduce the absorption of Vitamin: A B12 B C C E 20. The correlation between _____ intake and vision has been known for a long time. A Calcium B Vitamin K C Vitamin A 21. ______ is not a single disease but rather a family of disease characterized by abnormal cell growth. A Arthritis B Cancer C Diabetes 22. During the ______ society saw the first two-tier health system emerge: herbs for the poor and exotics (plant, animal or mineral extracts) and drugs for the rich. A 1600s B 1900s C 1500s 23. Black Cohosh, Blue Cohosh, Cramp Bark, and False Unicorn root are classified as: A Stimulants B Laxatives C Emmenagogues 24. A ________ is a water-based mixture that is applied to the skin as a cooling or soothing remedy to relieve irritation or inflammation. A Lotion B Tea C Syrup 25. In addition to its selective solvent properties, ________ paralyzes enzymes, and at the same time prevents the growth of yeast, molds, other fungi and most bacteria. A Olive Oil B Alcohol C Sugar 26. Alterative herbs (E.g. Burdock, Red Clover) are known as: A Blood Purifiers B Laxatives C Diuretics 27. ____, the author of the English Physician, was an enormously influential English herbalist. A ppocrates B Culpeper C Withering 28. Wild Yam can interact with the following drug: A Tylenol B No known drug interactions C Codeine 29. ______are one of the largest and most commonly found parasites in humans. A Roundworms B Hookworms C Pinworms 30. Most ____ can irritate the skin and should be diluted before using for massage. A Creams B Lotions C Essential oils 31. In ______ John Gerard, an English Master-surgeon published his vast herbal, one of the first to contain any original material since Galen. A 1597 B 1623 C 1758 32. _______ stimulates the circulation, lymphatic system, and mucous membranes. A Poria Mushroom B Prickly Ash Bark C Long Pepper 33. The _______ system is the communication network of the body. A Immune B Circulatory C Nervous 34. Calcium, combined with ____may contribute to a higher risk of hypercalcaemia. A Diuretics B Pain Killers C Antidepressants 35. ____ oil is one of nature’s richest vegetable sources of Omega 3 fatty acids. A Olive B Canola C Flaxseed 36. ______ produce movement by pulling the bone into a new NOTES position. A Muscles B Tendons C Arteries 37. ________ is a well known reliable remedy for migraine headaches. A Garlic B Feverfew C Milk Thistle 38. Aloe Vera should not be taken with Digoxin because the combination may contribute to dangerously low _______ levels. A Potassium B Sodium C Calcium 39. The ________ system consists of the heart and blood vessels. A Immune B Nervous C Circulatory 40. ______ are chemicals produced in one part of the body that have an effect on another part of the system. A Glands B Hormones C Cells 41. _____________ is safe and effective for chronic skin conditions. A Red Clover B Hawthorn C Eclipta 42. ______ are an infusion of medicinal or culinary herbs in a fixed oil menstruum. A Oil infusions B Vinegar infusions C Wine infusions 43. The random mixing together of herbs was dubbed ______ by Eclectic physicians of the last century, who looked down on it as an ill-conceived practice. A Decoction B Specialization C Polypharmacy 44. Essential or volatile oils are complex concentrated chemicals distilled from: A Plants B Oils C Chemicals 45. Vatta, Pitta, and Kapha are terms central to the study of health in: A Traditional Chinese Medicine B Native American Medicine C Traditional Ayurvedic Medicine 46. According to TCM, when the ____ is strong the body is energetic, warm and powerful. A Yin B Yang C Qi 47. Plant _____ are catalytic proteins that make possible many complex chemical reactions in the body. A Polyphenols B Polysaccharides C Enzymes 48. ____ is a classic nutritive tonic herb, rich in chlorophyll, protein, calcium, trace minerals, folic acid, and vitamins B6, E, and K. A Aloe Vera B Alfalfa C Ginseng 49. Castor Oil is used externally to stimulate movement and elimination in the lymphatic system, and internally as a _____. A Laxative B Appetite suppressant C Stimulant 50. _______ is a true liver tonic, useful for treating numerous liver and gallbladder conditions, including hepatitis and cirrhosis. A Turmeric B Milk Thistle C Oregano Fill in the blanks (write the missing word or words on the answer sheet) 1. In a test of oregano, mint, basil, sage, and coriander essential oils for activity against yeast and fungi, __________ proved to be the strongest, inhibiting the yeast broth completely at 1,000 parts per million. 2. The ___________ is the reproductive unit of some plants (angiosperms). 3. Herbs that gradually restore proper function to the body by increasing health and vitality are called ______________. 4. ___________ diseases tend to be external, excessive, hot, and dry in nature. 5. The ____________is the main supporting axis of a flowering plant. 6. People with allergies to plants of the Asteraceae family (ragweed, chrysanthemum, and aster) should avoid the use of ____________. 7. ___________disease tend to be internal, deficient, cold and damp in nature. 8. ___________was the first to compose an herbal in the Western world. 9. ___________can be used externally, for muscular tension, and osteoarthritis; Internally, for gastrointestinal disorders, fever, diabetic neuropathy, circulation and shingles. 10. Anthelminitic herbs destroy or expel intestinal ____________. 11. ___________, or seed plants, are some of the most important organisms on Earth. 12. The four main herbs that make up Essiac are Burdock Root, Elm Inner Bark, Sorrel, and____________. 13. ___________believe that the eye markings can actually reveal a complete history of past illnesses as well as previous treatment. 14. ___________is defined primarily as the use of muscle testing to identify imbalances in the body’s structural, chemical, emotional or other energy, to establish the body’s priority healing needs. 15. ____________herbs strengthen, stimulate or tone the stomach. 16. The upper surface of the tongue contains a small collection of cells called ____________. 17. A plant capable of adapting itself to growing either in shallow water or in saturated soil is called a ____________. 18. One of the earliest Materia Medica was the ____________, written by Diocles of Caryotos, a pupil of Aristotle. 19. The largest bone in the human body is the thighbone and called the ____________. 20. ___________is the foundation of all herbal medicine treatments, since herbs themselves are simply specialized food sources. 21. The ____________is a temporary blood store that fills up with blood in preparation for delivery to the ventricle. 22. Expectorant herbs expel excess _________from the lungs and the respiratory passages. 23. The parent plant from which all subsequent stock of a particular variety, clone, cultivar or strain have been derived is called the ____________. 24. Eight of the twenty-two known ____________ are considered “essential,” and must be obtained from dietary sources because they cannot be synthesized by the body. 25. Herbs that stimulates the expulsion of gas from the gastrointestinal tract are called ____________. 26. The most abundant mineral in the body is ____________. 27. Chelation Therapy uses ____________to carry out heavy metals like lead, cadmium, and arsenic, as well as other foreign substances, from the body. 28. Deficiency of ____________(an essential mineral found in all body tissues) leads to a variety of abnormalities, including anemia, skeletal defects, degeneration of the nervous system, reproductive failure, pronounced cardiovascular lesions, elevated blood cholesterol, impaired immunity and defects in the pigmentation and structure of hair. 29. The liver, spleen, thymus, bone marrow, and lymphatic system are interrelated in the _________ system’s normal function. 30. Herbs that stimulate the secretion of saliva from the salivary glands are called _________ . 31. ________ is considered the world’s most expensive herb by weight. 32. ________ is a favorite culinary herb and source of thymol, a potent antiseptic used in oral hygiene products. 33. ________ is the use of essential oils in massage, inhalations, baths, natural room fragrances and perfumes to maintain and improve health and vitality. 34. ________ are prepared by steeping the herb in water at room temperature for 12 hours, then strain or press. 35. The _________ Flower Remedies were devised in the 1930s by Dr. Edward _________ , a practicing homeopath. 36. The use of the herb _________ in the treatment of heart disease was developed by William Withering, an English physician in the 1700s. 37. ________ are made by soaking a clean cloth in an infusion, decoction or diluted tincture. 38. People taking thyroid medication should not consume _________ products within 3 hours of taking their medication. 39. The _________ are the most diverse group of algae, with more than 7000 species growing in a variety of habitats. 40. ________ consists of a pulp or paste made by heating chopped fresh, dried, or powdered herbs with a little water. 41. The part of the fungus that we see is only the _________ of the organism. 42. ________ plants have specialized vascular tissue consisting of a series of tubes for transporting fluids. 43. ________ is well known for its antibacterial, antiseptic and wound-healing properties, as well as its calming effect when used as an aromatherapy. 44. A _________ (word derived from the ancient language of lunar astrology) is the solvent used to make extracts. 45. ________ is well known in both homeopathy and herbology for the treatment of sprains and bruises when the skin is not broken. 46. ________ , (though not an herb) is a natural antibiotic that is very effective for both internal and external use. It has been shown to kill germs, viruses, yeast, mold, fungus and parasites and should be included in every home’s natural first aid kit. 47. ________ are characterized by helically arranged simple leaves, usually with a single vein, called microphylls. 48. ________ are employed to deliver herbs directly to rectal mucous membranes, which readily absorb them into the bloodstream. 49. The term _________ (in relation to herbs) signifies that the plant has grown wild in nature without human intervention and ideally has been consciously harvested from unpolluted areas with full regard for the plant communities and care for ecological balance. 50. Digoxin is a drug originally derived from the _________ plant. Purchase the answer to view it Purchase the answer to view it Purchase the answer to view it Purchase the answer to view it
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