1. Sub-group name and image with rationale 2. Purnell’s Model constructs and sub-group information (n = 12) 3. Sub-group presence and issues related to local and global community 4. Summary of recommendations for providing culturally competent nursing care to this sub-group · Presentation is original work and logically organized. Followed current APA format including citation of references. · Power point presentation with 10-15 slides were clear and easy to read. Speaker notes expanded upon and clarified content on the slides.

1. Introduction

In today’s diverse and multicultural society, it is crucial for healthcare professionals, especially nurses, to provide culturally competent care to individuals from various sub-groups. This assignment aims to address the topic of providing culturally competent nursing care to a specific sub-group. The chosen sub-group for this presentation is African Americans, who have a rich cultural heritage and unique healthcare needs.

2. Sub-Group Name and Image with Rationale

The chosen name for this sub-group is African Americans. The image selected for this presentation is a depiction of African American individuals engaged in various activities, such as dancing, celebrating, and participating in community events. This image was chosen to convey the vibrancy and diversity within the African American community, highlighting their rich cultural heritage.

Rationale: The name ‘African Americans’ accurately reflects the ethnic background of the sub-group, comprising individuals with African ancestry who currently reside in the United States. By choosing an image that showcases the community’s cultural vitality and engagement, the presentation aims to challenge stereotypes and promote a positive understanding of the African American sub-group.

3. Purnell’s Model Constructs and Sub-Group Information

In order to provide culturally competent nursing care to African Americans, it is essential to consider Purnell’s Model of Cultural Competence. This model comprises twelve constructs that help in assessing an individual’s cultural background and identifying potential healthcare disparities. The following are the twelve constructs and their relevance to African Americans:

1. Overview/heritage: African Americans have a diverse heritage that includes African, European, and Native American influences. Understanding their historical context and cultural background is vital in providing culturally competent care.

2. Communication: African Americans may have unique communication styles, such as a preference for storytelling or the use of certain linguistic patterns. Healthcare providers need to be aware of these differences to effectively communicate and establish trust.

3. Family roles and organization: The African American family may have extended family networks and a collective orientation towards decision-making. Recognizing and involving these family structures can positively impact healthcare outcomes.

4. Workforce issues: African Americans may face disparities in access to healthcare and job opportunities within the healthcare industry. Addressing these issues is essential for promoting equity in healthcare provision.

5. Biocultural ecology: Certain health conditions, such as sickle cell anemia and hypertension, disproportionately affect African Americans. Understanding the biocultural factors that contribute to these disparities is crucial in providing appropriate care.

6. High-risk behaviors: African Americans may exhibit high-risk behaviors attributed to social, cultural, and economic factors. Recognizing these behaviors and providing culturally appropriate health education can promote positive behavior change.

7. Nutrition: Traditional African American cuisine may include foods that are high in fat, salt, and sugar. Understanding cultural dietary preferences and promoting healthier alternatives can positively impact health outcomes.

8. Pregnancy and childbearing practices: African American women may have unique cultural practices and beliefs regarding pregnancy and childbirth. Incorporating these practices into healthcare plans can improve maternal and neonatal outcomes.

9. Death rituals: African American communities often have specific death rituals and mourning practices. Respecting and understanding these cultural practices is crucial in providing emotional support and care during times of loss.

10. Spirituality: Spirituality and religious beliefs play a significant role in the lives of many African Americans. Recognizing and respecting individual spiritual beliefs can enhance the provision of holistic care.

11. Healthcare practices: African Americans may have specific healthcare-seeking behaviors and preferences, such as a preference for alternative therapies or a mistrust of healthcare institutions. Understanding these practices is essential in promoting effective healthcare utilization.

12. Healthcare practitioners: African Americans may face disparities in access to healthcare and experience discrimination within the healthcare system. Promoting diversity within the healthcare workforce and training healthcare providers to be culturally competent can help address these issues.

4. Sub-Group Presence and Issues Related to Local and Global Community

African Americans are a significant presence within the local and global communities. In the United States, African Americans make up approximately 13.4% of the population, with larger concentrations in some regions and cities. Globally, individuals of African descent can be found in countries across the world, with significant populations in countries such as Brazil, Nigeria, and South Africa.

Despite their presence, African Americans often face significant health disparities and social injustices. These disparities include higher rates of chronic diseases, lower life expectancy, and limited access to quality healthcare. Additionally, African Americans may experience disparities in income, education, and housing, which further impact their overall well-being.

Addressing these issues requires a comprehensive approach that acknowledges the systemic factors contributing to health disparities and promotes equitable access to healthcare, education, and social resources. Culturally competent nursing care plays a vital role in addressing these disparities and promoting the health and well-being of African Americans.

In conclusion, providing culturally competent nursing care to African Americans requires an understanding of their unique cultural background and healthcare needs. By utilizing Purnell’s Model of Cultural Competence and addressing the specific constructs relevant to this sub-group, healthcare professionals can foster better healthcare outcomes and promote health equity. Additionally, addressing the issues faced by African Americans within the local and global communities is crucial in promoting social justice and creating a more inclusive healthcare system.