1. Review the lab test results in the table provided (choose either table 87.2 or table 88.2) and create a possible patient scenario/case. Please use APA format. You will need two paragraphs: 1. Paragraph 1 should offer a brief explanation that may have caused each of the lab results from the table. 2. Paragraph 2 should describe a possible patient that would have the test results in the table. 2. Please identify which table you are using in your work.

In this assignment, I will be using Table 87.2 to review the lab test results and create a possible patient scenario/case. I will provide a brief explanation for each of the lab results in the table, followed by a description of the possible patient who would have these test results.

Table 87.2 consists of various lab test results, including hemoglobin, hematocrit, white blood cell count, platelet count, and differential white blood cell count. To offer a brief explanation for each of these lab results, we need to consider their normal ranges and the conditions that can lead to abnormalities.

Starting with hemoglobin, a low level may indicate anemia, which can result from various causes such as iron deficiency, chronic disease, or vitamin B12 or folate deficiency. On the other hand, high levels of hemoglobin could be observed in conditions like polycythemia vera, a rare blood disorder characterized by the overproduction of red blood cells.

Moving on to hematocrit, which measures the proportion of red blood cells in the blood, low levels can also be associated with anemia, while high levels may indicate dehydration or conditions that lead to an increase in red blood cell production.

The white blood cell count measures the number of white blood cells in the blood and can help identify infections or other conditions. A low white blood cell count (leukopenia) can be caused by certain medications, bone marrow disorders, or certain infections. Conversely, a high white blood cell count (leukocytosis) may be a sign of infection, inflammation, or leukemia.

Platelet count measures the number of platelets in the blood, which are responsible for clotting. A low platelet count (thrombocytopenia) could be due to conditions like immune thrombocytopenic purpura, medication side effects, or liver disease. On the other hand, a high platelet count (thrombocytosis) can occur in response to infection, inflammation, or bone marrow disorders.

Lastly, the differential white blood cell count measures the percentage of different types of white blood cells in the blood. Abnormalities in this count can help identify specific conditions. For example, an increase in neutrophils (neutrophilia) may indicate infection or inflammation, while an increase in eosinophils (eosinophilia) can be seen in allergic reactions or parasitic infections.

Now let’s consider a possible patient scenario based on the lab results in Table 87.2. Our patient, Mr. Smith, is a 45-year-old male with a history of alcohol abuse. He presents with fatigue, weakness, and shortness of breath. Upon initial evaluation, it is suspected that Mr. Smith may have anemia due to his symptoms and laboratory findings.

The lab results for Mr. Smith show a low hemoglobin and hematocrit, which is consistent with anemia. Given his history of alcohol abuse, it is likely that Mr. Smith has developed anemia related to vitamin deficiencies, specifically vitamin B12 or folate deficiency. This can occur due to impaired absorption of these vitamins caused by alcohol-related gastrointestinal damage.

Additionally, Mr. Smith’s low white blood cell count may be a result of alcohol-induced bone marrow suppression. Chronic alcohol use can lead to the inhibition of bone marrow function, resulting in decreased production of white blood cells. This could make Mr. Smith more susceptible to infections.

Furthermore, his platelet count is also low, which could be attributed to alcohol-related liver disease. Liver damage caused by alcohol abuse can impair the production of platelets in the bone marrow, leading to a decreased platelet count.

In summary, the lab results from Table 87.2 suggest that Mr. Smith may have developed anemia, leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia due to his history of alcohol abuse. These findings highlight the importance of investigating the underlying causes of abnormal lab results to guide appropriate diagnosis and management of the patient.