1. In thinking of five social determinants of health as identified in Healthy People 2020, identify the social determinants specifically that may be barriers to home care and case or care management services. Explain your answer. At least 350 words. All answers or discussions comments submitted must be in APA format according to Publication Manual American Psychological Association (APA) (6th ed.) 2009 ISBN: 978-1-4338-0561-5 ·      Minimum of two references, not older than 2015. Purchase the answer to view it

Social determinants of health are the social and economic conditions that shape the health of individuals and communities. These determinants can significantly impact the availability and access to healthcare services, including home care and case or care management services. In understanding the barriers to these services, it is essential to consider five social determinants of health as identified in Healthy People 2020.

Firstly, socioeconomic status (SES) plays a vital role in determining access to healthcare services. Individuals with low SES often face economic barriers in accessing home care and case management services. They may struggle to afford the costs of these services and may lack the financial resources necessary to cover the expenses, which can limit their ability to receive adequate care. Moreover, low SES is associated with limited education and employment opportunities, which can further compound the barriers to accessing these services.

Secondly, the social environment can also act as a barrier to home care and case management services. The availability of these services may be limited in certain geographic areas, such as rural regions or areas with a lower population density. In such areas, the infrastructure and resources required to provide these services may be lacking, making it difficult for individuals to access the care they need. Additionally, social norms and cultural beliefs within a community can influence the perception and acceptance of home care and case management services, which may impact individuals’ willingness to seek out and utilize these services.

Thirdly, the healthcare system itself can present barriers to home care and case management services. Factors such as limited availability of providers, long waiting times, and bureaucratic processes can impede individuals’ ability to access these services promptly and efficiently. For example, a shortage of home healthcare providers may result in individuals having to wait for extended periods before receiving the necessary care. Similarly, complex administrative procedures for enrolling in case management services may discourage individuals from seeking out these services.

Fourthly, education and literacy levels can also be barriers to home care and case management services. Individuals with limited education or low health literacy may struggle to understand and navigate the healthcare system, including the processes involved in accessing these services. This lack of knowledge and understanding can create significant challenges in obtaining the appropriate care and support for managing their health conditions. Additionally, individuals with low health literacy may face difficulties in understanding and adhering to the care plans provided by home care and case management professionals, which can negatively impact their health outcomes.

Lastly, social support networks and community resources are critical determinants of health that can influence access to home care and case management services. Individuals with limited social support systems may face challenges in coordinating and organizing the necessary care, especially if they lack family members or friends who can assist in advocating for their needs. In addition, inadequate community resources, such as a lack of transportation options or caregiver support services, can further hinder access to these services.

In conclusion, several social determinants of health act as barriers to home care and case management services. These include socioeconomic status, the social environment, the healthcare system, education and literacy levels, and social support networks and community resources. Understanding these barriers is essential for developing interventions to improve access to these vital healthcare services. By addressing and mitigating these barriers, we can ensure that all individuals have equitable access to the care and support they need for optimal health outcomes.