·       Explain the interrelationship between the theory, research, and EBP. ·       Identify and discuss the research questions, sampling and sampling size, research designs, hypothesis, data collection methods, and research findings from each study. ·       Identify the goals, health outcomes, and implementation strategies in the healthcare setting (EBP) based on the articles. ·       Discuss the credibility of the sources and the research/researchers findings. 8-10 slides APA Format  References ( two research articles from 2017, and your textbook.

The interrelationship between theory, research, and evidence-based practice (EBP) is crucial in the advancement of knowledge and improvement of healthcare outcomes. Theory provides the framework and foundation for research, while research generates evidence that can be used to inform and validate theory. EBP, on the other hand, involves the integration of the best available evidence with clinical expertise and patient preferences to guide decision-making in healthcare.

Theory serves as a conceptual framework that guides the research process. It provides a set of assumptions, principles, or concepts that explain phenomena and guide the development of research questions. Without theory, research may lack coherence and direction. For example, a theoretical framework in the field of nursing might encompass concepts such as Roy’s Adaptation Model or Orem’s Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory, which provide a theoretical foundation for understanding and addressing specific health issues.

Research, in turn, aims to generate empirical evidence to test, refine, or develop theory. It involves the systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of data to answer research questions and provide insights into phenomena of interest. Research can take various forms, such as quantitative, qualitative, or mixed-methods studies. Each type has its strengths and limitations, making it essential to select an appropriate research design based on the research questions.

The research questions guide the focus and scope of the study. They articulate what the researcher aims to investigate or explore. In selecting research questions, researchers should consider their feasibility, relevance, and alignment with existing knowledge and theory. For example, a research question might examine the effectiveness of a new intervention in reducing hospital readmissions among heart failure patients.

Sampling and sampling size are key considerations in research design. Sampling refers to the selection of a subset of individuals or cases from a larger population. The sample should be representative of the population of interest to ensure the generalizability of findings. The size of the sample depends on factors such as the research design, the variability of the phenomenon under study, and the desired statistical power. Larger samples generally increase the precision and reliability of research findings.

Research designs can vary depending on the research question and the nature of the phenomenon being investigated. Common designs include experimental, quasi-experimental, observational, and descriptive designs. Experimental designs involve the random assignment of participants to different conditions or interventions to assess cause-and-effect relationships. Quasi-experimental designs lack random assignment but still aim to establish causal relationships. Observational and descriptive designs focus on describing and understanding phenomena in their natural settings.

Hypotheses are proposed explanations or predictions about the relationships between variables. They provide a clear and testable statement of what the researcher expects to find. In quantitative research, hypotheses are typically created based on theory or empirical evidence. In qualitative research, hypotheses may be replaced with research aims or guiding questions that drive the inquiry process.

Data collection methods vary depending on the research design and the nature of the research question. They can include surveys, interviews, observations, or the collection of existing data. Researchers should select methods that are valid, reliable, and appropriate for the study objectives. For example, a study investigating patient satisfaction may use a survey questionnaire, while a study exploring the experiences of healthcare providers may employ qualitative interviews.

Research findings are the outcomes or results of the study. They represent the empirical evidence that contributes to the body of knowledge in a particular field. Findings can be quantitative (e.g., statistical analysis of numeric data) or qualitative (e.g., thematic analysis of interview transcripts). It is important to critically evaluate the findings, considering factors such as the strength of the evidence, the appropriateness of the methods used, and the relevance to clinical practice.

In the healthcare setting, EBP aims to improve patient outcomes by integrating the best available evidence, clinical expertise, and patient preferences into decision-making. Based on the articles provided, the goals of EBP may include improving patient safety, enhancing the delivery of care, reducing healthcare costs, or promoting evidence-based interventions. The health outcomes sought may include reduced mortality rates, decreased length of hospital stays, improved quality of life, or increased patient satisfaction.

Implementation strategies in healthcare settings can vary depending on the context and the specific intervention being implemented. They may involve changes to clinical protocols, educational programs for healthcare providers, the use of clinical decision support tools, or the development of clinical practice guidelines. The goal is to ensure the successful adoption and integration of evidence-based practices into routine care delivery.

To assess the credibility of the sources and the research findings, it is important to consider factors such as the study design, the rigor of the methods used, the qualifications of the researchers, and the relevance to the research question or topic of interest. Peer-reviewed journals, academic conferences, and reputable research institutions are considered reliable sources of information. Additionally, critically appraising the strengths and limitations of the research can help determine the credibility and applicability of the findings.